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Category: NURSING SCIENCE

THE IMPACT OF HEALTH EDUCATORS ON HEALTH AWARENESS IN THE COMMUNITY

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1 Background to the StudyHealth education is the process of educating people about health. Areas within this profession encompass environmental health, physical health, mental health and spiritual health. Health education can as well be said to be the principle by which individuals and groups of people learn to behave in a manner conducive to […]

BACTERIAL COLONIZATION ON HUMAN SKIN

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Human skin bears a characteristic bacterial flora, which are usually regarded as innocuous symbiont or sometimes it may be opportunistic pathogen. The normal skin flora does not have adverse effect except the production of odorous substances (Schlegel, 1993) and these skin bacterial flora derive their nutrition from the […]

CAUSES AND EFFECT OF SEXUAL DISCOURSE AMONG TERTIARY INSTITUTION STUDENTS

CHAPTER ONE GENERAL INTRODUCTION AND THEORETICAL PRELIMINARIES 1.1. Preamble: The linguistic forms deployed when talking about sexual actors, instruments and actions, are often charged with a high level of privacy in most societies of the world (cf. Jay, 2000). While these forms and their discourse properties have received much attention in the Western literature, research […]

EFFECT OF IODINE EXPOSURE ON BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG FEMALE CHILDREN AND WOMEN

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background High or raised blood pressure (BP) also known as hypertension characterized by short-term fluctuations over 24-hour period (Magdás et al., 2015), has been identified as a public health concern and a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, premature mortality (Hendriks et al., 2012, Sundar et al., 2013) and disability (WHO, 2013a). […]

CONTRACEPTIVE PRACTICES AMONG FEMALE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Adolescents’ sexuality and reproductive health information needs and services have been a major concern and challenge to the international community for over a decade. This is as a result of the growing awareness of young peoples’ relatively high risk of  exposure to inaccurate or incomplete information about […]

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE RATE OF DRUG ABUSE AND ITS EFFECT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study           Drug, a substance that affects the function of living cells, used in medicine to diagnose, cure, prevent the occurrence of diseases and disorders, and prolong the life of patients with incurable conditions. Moronkola (1993) believed that use, misuse and abuse of drugs are three concepts in drug […]

RISKS OF MARRIED COUPLES NOT LIVING TOGETHER IN CONTRACTING HIV/AIDS

CHAPTER ONE Background Information Available studies show that Sub-Saharan Africa n countries are more heavily affected by HIV and AIDS than many other regions of the world and people include married couples living separately (UNAIDS, 2010, 2011). In Sub-Saharan Africa, the HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to exert a significant toll on individuals and society, and has […]

UTILIZATION OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN SOUTH WEST ZONE ON NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Maternal and prenatal health has emerged as the most important issue that determines global and national well being. This is because every individual, family and community is at some point intimately involved in pregnancy and the success of child birth, (World Health Organization 2006). Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality […]

EFFECTS OF JOGGING ON CARDIO-METABOLIC SYNDROME OF ADOLESCENTS

EFFECTS OF JOGGING ON CARDIO-METABOLIC SYNDROME OF ADOLESCENTS CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) is an area that has received much attention in recent time, due to the prevalence of the syndrome worldwide. It has become a major threat to the global public health (American Heart Association (AHA), 2009; International Diabetes […]

THE EFFECTS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING ON STUDENTS WITH VISUAL, HEARING AND PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENT IN NIGERIA

THE EFFECTS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING ON STUDENTS WITH VISUAL, HEARING AND PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENT IN NIGERIA ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the academic performance and competence of children and Youth, both in primary and Secondary schools living with disabilities in Nigeria, specifically in Temeke District. Both purposive and stratified sampling techniques […]

FACTORS CAUSING SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL ADOLESCENT

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Adolescence is a term pubetary which refers to the period of physical maturation, the term adolescence typically refers to the socially defined period during which a person adjusts to the physical, emotional, and social changes associated with the transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescence is the stage which […]

FACTORS CONFRONTING OLDER PEOPLE IN ACCESSING FREE HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN PUBLIC HOSPITALS

FACTORS CONFRONTING OLDER PEOPLE IN ACCESSING FREE HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN PUBLIC HOSPITALS CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the study Global projections indicate that the population of those aged 60 years and above is increasing rapidly. United Nations projections (UN) indicate that, in 1950 the number of older people was 200 million, representing only 8% […]

THE EFFECTS OF TRANSMISSION PROGRAM IN REDUCING MOTHER TO CHILD HIV/AIDS

THE EFFECTS OF TRANSMISSION PROGRAM IN REDUCING MOTHER TO CHILD HIV/AIDS CHAPTER ONE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV refers to the transmission of HIV from an HIV-positive woman to her child during pregnancy, labor (also called childbirth and delivery) or breastfeeding (through breast milk), mother-to-child transmission of HIV is also […]

FACTORS CONFRONTING STUDENTS WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITIES IN NIGERIA

FACTORS CONFRONTING STUDENTS WITH PHYSICAL DISABILITIES IN NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Education is very important for every person regardless of his/her age, gender, race, economic status, as well as physical ability or disability. People, particularly students with physical disabilities are usually perceived by societies as disadvantaged groups (Block, 1992). Hence they […]