IMPACT OF PRISON EDUCATION ON RECIDIVISM

IMPACT OF PRISON EDUCATION ON RECIDIVISM

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.0 Introduction
This chapter comprises background to the study, statement of the problem, purpose
of the study, objectives of the study, research questions, significance of the study,
limitations of the study, assumptions of the study, theoretical framework, conceptual
framework and operational definition of terms.
1.1 Background to the Study
Prison education, also known as inmate education and correctional education, is a
broad term that encompasses any number of educational activities occurring inside a
prison. The educational activities include both vocational and academic education.
The goal of such activities is to prepare the prisoner to be successful upon release
and to enhance the rehabilitative aspect of prison (Harer, 2000).
Prisons in Kenya have embraced both academic education and vocational training as
a means of lowering recidivism rate. Those entering correctional facilities may
benefit from literacy, communication and other subjects that will ease the
individual’s transition into a correction setting. The main objective of prison
services in nigeria is to carry out rehabilitation programmes aimed at training,
counselling and reforming offenders for effective and sustainable reintegration back
to society.
Successful prison rehabilitative programmes must be efficient. Prison rehabilitative
education should have positive influence on the private and social benefits derived
from investment in education. Typically, these are measured by private and social
economic rates of return. This concept is applied in order to monitor and evaluate
how well resources are used in an educational system and to prioritize the use of
such resources. For the case of this research, influence of prison education on
recidivism would best be determined by ascertaining the impact which prison
education is making on the individual upon release of the inmate. Items such as
community gains, returns to individual, life time income, behavioural change and
social stability are factored in determining influence of prison rehabilitative
education on recidivism.
Education in the correctional services is meant to influence the behaviour of inmates
by assisting them in coping with society and becoming self-reliant and impart
knowledge, enabling the individual to make the most of his talents and contribute to
wealth creation in society. Appropriate education and training that is externally
efficient is a vital part of a successful rehabilitation and is thus an investment in the
future. This research therefore intended to find out if the prison education the
inmates receives influence on the rate of recidivism.

Statement of the Problem
The rate of recidivism in Nigeria stands at 50% (Karimi, 2011). In 2012 alone, there
were 12,949 cases of recidivist inmates. This raises a serious concern about the
influence prison education has on recidivism in Nigeria. An indication that the prison
service in Nigeria has yet to fully realize the purpose of correctional education in
providing inmates with an opportunity to change their personal behaviour, values
and reduce recidivism. This high rate of recidivism could compromise societal
security and development

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Updated: 14th April 2022 — 11:19 am