EFFECTS OF EXAAMINATION MALPRACTICES ON LECTURER’S ATTITUDE TO TEACHING AND LEARNING OF PHYSICS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS

EFFECTS OF EXAAMINATION MALPRACTICES ON LECTURER’S ATTITUDE TO TEACHING AND LEARNING OF PHYSICS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Malpractices according to the advance oxford learners dictionary (2000) is wrong doing, neglect to duty. According to Adekunle (2003) examination malpractices could be defined as behaviour contrary to a set of expected code of conduct or contrary to a set of ethic and norms exhibited in the course of examination by persons or group of persons.

The definition makes it clear that examination malpractice is not only illegal but its effect degrading and devastating.

Adesina (2000) stated that in recent years the rampant occurrence of examination malpractices in several institutions of learning in Nigeria have become a matter of concern to all. This statement denote that the rate at which candidates indulge in examination malpractice, examination leakage, impersonation, copying and certificate forging is alarming and it put the examination and the country as a sole in an embarrassing position, because it under estimate the quality of our educational system.

Examination has been viewed in different ways by different authors, educationists and researchers. According to Kailani and Usman (2009), examination is an organized assessment technique which presents individuals with a series of questions or tasks geared towards ascertaining, if the individual acquired skills and knowledge.

Oyechere (2010), also define examination as a formal test of somebody’s knowledge, skills or ability in a particular subject, especially by means of oral and written questions or practical exercise. In all countries of the world, examination which are in reality and frequently used in competitions, are designed to eliminate the majority of candidates and allocate the remainder to certain known vacancies.

Examination malpractice has been defined differently by educators, authors, researchers, administrators and supervisors. Onuoha (2009) defined examination malpractice as unfair practices or irregularities or infringement or irregularities during the conduct of examination. He posited that examination malpractice in recent times has become a threat to the integrity of the nation. As a cankerworm, it has eaten deep into the fabric of the education industry, thus becoming a global issue which has caused some sleepless nights to many genuine academics and scholars. In spite of the crusade made against it by the government and other lovers of education, it still grows speedily more than ever. To Ahmed (2010), examination malpractice is any act of wrongdoing or neglect that contravenes the rules and regulations of acceptable practice before, during and after an examination by any reason. Nowadays, it is not uncommon to hear people discuss examination malpractice as if it is a custom. Perpetrators of this social menace view it as an act which everybody partakes in, hence it is generally acceptable.

The origin of examination malpractice can be traced back to 1914 when senior Cambridge local examination leaked. This was thirty-eight years before West Africa Examination Council was established in the primary school cheating and alternation of marks are quite for common malpractice is even more evident in the West Africa Examination Council (WAEC), joint admission matriculation board JAMB and other examination conducted by the federal ministry of education. Paul (2012) reported that the above fact was responsible for the 1987 decision by the federal ministry of education professor Ajibola . (2006) states that the registrar indicated the examination malpractices constitution is one of the biggest problems facing the boards.

Statement of the Problem

Examination malpractice has long been existence in our society and have been taken by different investigation on the subject and in-spite of these. examination malpractice still thrives in our educational system. Despite the disastrous effect it has on students, parents, educational system but the society at large, like

  1. Cancellation of results
  2. Lowering of standard when under serving students are allowed in posses requiring high standard of performance.
  3. Lack of motivation or incentive to read hard in order to be successful in examination.
  4. Promote laziness and laxity in schools where by students do not read their books with what have been taught.

It is the purpose of this research to inquire deeply into the causes of examination malpractices and find possible solution in order to eradicate this act from the educational system and the nation in general.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N3000 to any of the bank below


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N3000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


BANK:                       WEMA BANK
ACCT NO:                  0237422220

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR MODE OF DELIVERY (EMAIL ADDRESS OR WHATSAPP) TO 08063666753

Updated: 28th March 2021 — 7:57 pm