INVESTIGATE THE IMPACT OF CLASS ATTENDANCE ON STUDENT’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES
Background of the Study
A school is set-up for the main purpose of bringing students from different families together under one roof i.e a classroom. Effective teaching and learning cannot take place without the coming together of the teachers and the learners/students. In other to check student’s commitment to receiving of instruction from the teachers, an administrative record is designed and used on daily basis i.e the attendance register.
The attendance register is therefore defined as a book that records the daily physical presence of the students in school/classes. Good(2000) explained further that attendance at schools is not merely being bodily present but including active participation in the work and activities of the school. Attendance can be divided into two extremes of being “ a mere appearance of the students at school” and “ the student present during the whole day though some student‟s may truly be at the assembly during the collective worship period and leave school before the closing hour after the row might have been called in the morning. In some cases, some of these students may truly be in school but rather engage themselves in illegal activities such as sleeping, reading negatively motivated novels, playing with electronics device (handset) and going to the field to play games among others (Roger 2002). Attendance is kept by the form teacher to supervise the day to day commitment of the student in school and also supervised on weekly basis by the school head. The attendance register is also supervised on term or annual basis by the supervisors from the ministry of education and other professionals particularly in education on unscheduled visits, parents also used the attendance register to supervise the movement of their children occasionally.
The attendance register is mostly concerned with school/class attendance. Dedicated teachers also take student‟s to ascertain the number of students who received their lesson. Typerman (2003 cited in Fagne, 2008) identified two types of attendance as regular attendance and irregular attendance. According to the author, regular attendance is a characterized as being present, punctual and been involved in the activities of the school, the regular students will always come to school except for some certain circumstances beyond their control which may probably be sickness, death or accident which are regarded as legal absenteeism in the dictionary of education. On the other hand, irregular attendance for whatever causes is a distress call. It can therefore be described as a deliberate absenteeism of oneself from school for no just cause. Good (2000) further described irregular attendance as a failure of the students to be physically present in the school for reasons that are not recognized by the school authority as legitimate. This may be in be form of absence, truancy, illegal works such as being on the family’s farm or being compelled by their mothers to stay at home to take care of babies.
Hence attendance is an important administrative record, used by parents and school authority to monitor, control and supervise student’s activities in schools. A student that is not regular, in school, faces learning problems resulting from the late coming to school, inability to read and not consulting with the teacher (Onomuodeke 2004).
School and home factors affect student’s attendance. The social status and educational level of parents influence school attendance, geographical location of school, students attitude towards school and subject, inadequate supervision of student activities by teachers, and parents poor teaching methods, lack of facilities affect student’s school attendance (Oghuvbu 2009, Alio 2003) students developed negative attitude towards school leavers, repetition of class and insecurity (Okwelle 2003). Some other factors were also notified as the age of student, family commitment as regard jobs, working hours and family health factors, but students with greater motive without conflict of interest are more regular in school (ChiniMochi 2003). On the importance of attendance register Nwadiani (2005) stated that school head and teachers should have accurate information of all the activities in the school have accurate information of all the activities in the school for effective and easy decision-making, aids educational grant procurement and also to satisfy legal requirement and continuous assessment.
This introduction serves to wet our appetite regarding the issue of class attendance and academic performance of students in Christian religious studiesand as we delve into the topic, further problems are explained in full detail.
Statement of the Problem
Many researchers have investigated series of administrative problems affecting student’s academic performance, some identified factors including poor instructional quality, student’s negative attitude to school work, overcrowded classroom, poor facilities in school (Oghuvbu 2008, 2000 and 2003). From the experience of the researcher, student attendance is low in some educational development area in Ado Local government schools. Teachers are in school, while most learners are at home. During examination period, there is 100% attendance in school. Examination oriented student’s attendance by nature depends on the knowledge of the regular attendance. Students entering examination hall with prepared materials which are types of examination malpractice.
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