INFLUENCE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
1.1 Background to the study
Nigeria as an independent nation recognizes that “education is a national activity which involves an orderly, deliberate and sustained effort to transmit or develop knowledge, concept skills and attitude or habits hence her determination to provide lifelong education for her citizens”. Igwe (1997). The national policy on education (1981) section 1 page 7 aim at amking an individual a useful person to both himself and his society . Knowledge and skill in economics which are needed for citizenship will not be learned by most individual unless they are systematically and effectively taught in school. Therefore economics belong to the core curriculum, the common learning experience required of all students as part of their general education (Seiter, 1989)
Economics education in senior secondary school is expected to equip the students with fundamental area of intellectual training, vocational skills, cultures, values, citizenship, training tools for the analysis of situation and natural interest for developments. But the optimal achievement on the above goals, or objectives, depends on the appropriate application of instructional material.
Economics, however, is a broad subject; it cuts across different spheres of the society. One of the major problems facing the educational sector today is the inadequacy of instructional material necessary for effective teaching and learning, this incorporates Economics as a subject taught at the Senior Secondary School. The teaching of economics in Nigeria is characterized by many as inadequate. Nigeria secondary school teachers of economics have few materials on the teaching of economics to work with. For example audio – visual aid for the teaching of economics are either not available is sufficient quality or what is available is usually inappropriate. Adu (2002).
Statement of the problem
Many of the school authorities have very lukewarm attitudes over the provision of needed tools, equipments and materials required for economics in secondary schools. This non-challant attitude tend to retard genuine efforts of some teachers of economics in the secondary schools. Inspite of the emphasis being placed on economics as one of the subjects in secondary schools, there is usually not enough time provided in the time-table for a meaningful economics work. Economics teachers are always interested to finish the syllabus before the external examination – Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) conducted by West African Examination Council (WAEC). Abhu-Raheem(2011) asserted that non-availability and inadequacy of instructional materials are major causes of ineffectiveness of the school system and poor performance of students in school.
One of the major problems facing education in Nigeria is the low level if the performance of secondary school students both local and standardized examination.
How to get complete project materials
Step 1: make payment of N3000 to any of the bank below
NAME: TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK: FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO: 3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE: SAVINGS
NAME: TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK: WEMA BANK
ACCT NO: 0237422220