EFFECTS OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SELECTED SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

EFFECTS OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SELECTED SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study                                                                                                                                                                       

Classroom management is regarded as the core of powerful instructional process.It is term, teacher use to describe the process of ensuring that classroom lesson runs smoothly without disruptivebehavior from students compromising the delivery of instruction.These tools enable teachers to have the resource available to properly and successfully educate upcoming generations and ensure future successes as a nation.Effective and inspiring classroom management starts with efficient and effective lesson planning which assist an educator to instruct and learners to learn. From Educator perspectives, compelling classroom management include precautionary, discipline and intriguing education [Orange, 2005].With student perspectives, powerful and fruitful classroom management gives student clear communication of behavioral and academic expectation as well as chances to mingle while picking up interesting and stimulating content.

Most secondary school is aimed at effective and efficient management of the human and material resources available for the attainment of the school academic goals. The classroom teacher is charged with lots of functions to perform in the school academic teaching and learning process, one of the most challenging functions of the classroom management techniques to control students towards effective and meaningful learning during instruction. Meaningful teaching and learning cannot be accomplished in a classroom environment characterized by noise making and other distractions by students. The academic performance or achievement of students of a particular classroom can be attributed to the teacher’s ability to manage and control the classroom during instruction. [Guskey, 2000] reported that the variable that measures the classroom learning environment as perceived by students actually predicts their attitude toward schooling and academic performance.

The importance of good classroom management in the realization of the objectives of education cannot but be explained, teaching and learning involves a wide range of activities such as writing on chalkboard, supervising student class work,reading and marking assignments. Also, good classroom environment with good desks and chairs well spaced out,well ventilated,good lighting, good ceiling and roof and smooth floor enhances effective teaching and learning.When the classroom environment provides student with what they need, equilibrium occurs but when the classroom environment does not,there is disequilibrium.

More so,researcher has observed that most public secondary school in Ikere-Ekiti,the classroom is overpopulated.In most of these schools,the teacher-students ratio of 1:80 is evidenced.The National Policy on Education revised [2004]recommended that,a teacher-student’s ratio of 1:40 for normal or regular school.Besides,researcher has revealed an increasing rate of behaviour problems among secondary school students during lessons which in most cases affect the teaching and learning process in the schools [Patrick et al.,2003].

Statement of the problem

However,the researcher through the discussion with some of the biology teachers in selected secondary school in Ikere-Ekiti and through interaction with some of the students offering biology has not recorded a remarkable success; some do not have indebt knowledge of biology due to their poor foundation in biology.

In every teaching and learning process,there is bound to be some factors which may not allow smooth running of the process such as classroom management, inadequatetimetable, inadequate instructional materials, the nature of the environment and so on. These factors will

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Updated: 4th March 2021 — 4:57 pm