THE EFFECT OF CRUDE OIL SPILLAGE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

THE EFFECT OF CRUDE OIL SPILLAGE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 …..

1.2 Statement of the Problem.
Whenever there is an oil spill on agricultural and natural land (hard and water) spreading immediately takes place. The gaseous and liquid components evaporate, some get dissolved in water and even oxidized and some undergo changes and eventually sink to the bottom by gravitational action.
The soil is then contaminated with grass effect upon the terrestrial life. As the evaporation of the volatile lower molecular weight component affect aerial life, so that dissolution of the less volatile component with the resultant effect on aquatic life (atlas 2001).
Once oil is released on water, the process of spreading takes place immediately the process stand to be the most significant. Some forces that influence the lateral spreading of oil even on calm water include;
(a)     Gravitation force, which brings about decreasing film thickness
(b)     Surface tension and inertia force, the force of gravity is found to be proportional to the film thickness.
The causes of oil spillage are:
Leakage from oil pipelines and flow lines, oil tank over flow, blow out of oil wells, sabotage by agencies, pipeline Vandalization, Lack of maintenance of oil pipelines. The research questions that now arise are:
What cause(s) oil spillage on farmlands?
How do farmers perceive or view oil spillage on their lands? Do they see it as having a disastrous effect on the agro-ecology? Is soil deterioration caused by oil spill attributable to unemployment and improper living condition?
What are the agricultural or other related activities oil spillage could have effect on?
1.3 Objective of the study
The broad objective of the study is to examine the effects of oil spillage and natural environment of farmers in the study are. –

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Updated: 19th November 2020 — 9:16 am

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