CRITICAL ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study  

For Nigeria to be among the developed nations of the world, it developed national educational objectives, and these are continuously pursued through some stakeholders in the education sector.

            Ozigi (1998) says that education is a means through which young and old members of the society are taught about expected behaviour, rules of government, the values, skills, attitudes and knowledge that equip the individual to achieve personal and society development and progress.

            The importance of financial accounting as a requirement for business advancement cannot be overemphasized.  Financial accounting is one of the approved subjects at the senior secondary school level for any student intending to pursue social and management sciences in higher institutions. 

            According to Danladi (2006), education is a process of teaching and learning in which students acquire practical knowledge, value and skills for effective participation in the society. He further said that the process of acquiring the relevant knowledge, attitude, values and skills must be made as concrete as possible for easy learning.

            Accounting and finance are such key elements of business life, which needed to be studied by aspiring accountants, and those who may not continue to study the subject matter beyond the introductory level, the fundamental principles of accounting and the ways in which accounting is regulated to protect owners of businesses, and the public in general. 

            A broad appreciation of the importance of accounting will be useful not only in dealing with theories at school but also in the context of the day-to-day management of a business.     Obviously, accounting operates within a framework and it is used across various organizations. However, this framework is constantly changing and evolving; as new problems are encountered, as new practices and techniques are developed, and the objectives of users of financial information are modified and revised. 

            Thus, the content of the Financial Accounting offered at the secondary school level is aimed at laying a solid foundation for the pursuit of professionalism in this area of calling.

A study conducted by an American Psychologist, Wechler (1970) on evaluation of students’ performance, shows that the performance of students has an educational implication on their future carrier.

            The issues of education standard and indeed the need to enhance the interest of our children in basic subjects have not been given all the attention they deserve.

            Hence, in this study, the researcher is concerned with the an appraisal of students’ academic performance in Financial Accounting with comparative analysis of the past six years’ results of students in Financial Accounting in senior Secondary Certificate Examinations between 2010 and 2015 in Ikole Local Government Area of Ekiti State.

1.2       Statement of the Problem

One of the biggest challenges facing teachers is how to raise the standard of teaching and learning of financial accounting in schools in response to agitations in the society.  It is also the concern of teachers to ensure that students think logically, systematically, and become capable of applying the knowledge they acquire to solve personal and societal problems as well as pass their external examinations. 

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Updated: 4th March 2020 — 2:31 pm

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