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Relationship between Post-UTME Scores and Students’ Academic Performance

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

As the years roll by, more people have continued to raise alarm about thefalling standard in education and questions the quality of graduates being turned-outfrom Nigerian universities. Some employers of labour complained about the failure ofgraduates to meet their corporate expectations especially in terms of skills andcompetence. To buttress this point, a study sponsored by the National UniversitiesCommission and Education Tax Fund (NUC, 2004) found lack of fit betweenuniversity graduates and the needs of employers in various disciplines.Onah (2012)and Emaikwu (2012) affirmed that the fall in standard of achievement by students atall levels of education has been awfully reported and acknowledged by all and sundryin Nigeria. To catch a glimpse of evidence of the terrible fall in the standard ofperformance in Nigeria, Agbo (2012) reported thus:The ridiculous reduction in cut-off points for admission into Nigerian universities are at variance with the standard of excellencealready set by some universities. For Joint Admission Matriculation Board (JAMB) to lower the cut-off mark to 180 out of 400, whichtranslates to a mere 45 per cent, is to assume that all the Nigerianuniversities would stoop so low to woo failed students as their potentialcandidates for admission. More than 60 per cent of candidates admittedinto our universities will always be of poor quality and this will surelycreate problems for their teachers who bear the brunt and pains ofteaching “unteachable” students (p. 10). Reaffirming this deplorable condition of university education, Adekunle (2012)reported that university education is at a crossroad in Nigeria and that none of them isamong the best 30 in Africa, while none is among the best 1000 in the world. It wouldappear to me that the academic performance of students can be traced to the quality ofstudents admitted, and the process of admitting them. Several universities are alreadylooking for means of getting the best from admission seekers, leading to the conductof post-UTME examination. The proponents of the Post-UTME-screening testbelieved that it will ensure quality and that when the best students are admitted; theresults will also be enhanced. It is also believed that quality admission will producebetter quality of graduates, students committed to their studies, reduced incidence ofexamination malpractice and sex for marks.However, events of the past three years of Post-UTME screening tests amongNigerian universities tend to cast doubt as to whether it is for academic excellencealone that the test was advocated for. The activities of most universities during theexercise tend to suggest that financial gain is a major reason for the advocacy. Thereasons for this include: lack of uniformity in the amount charged (some stateuniversities charged as high as N10,000 in the first year of test conduct for thetest);reduction in cut-off marks to attract more candidates to register for the tests; veryunfair tests which has no scheme of work to guide the candidates in preparation; lackof fair treatment of candidates during the conduct of the examination (some candidatesfail even before the test is conducted because of lack of correct information on venue);unnecessary secrecy in the conduct of the test (for example, candidates are not giventheir question papers at the end of the test to serve as bases to predict their scores);and extreme difficulties encountered by rural dwellers in getting their results which only published on the universities websites in the internet (Emaikwu, 2012).Whereas the gains of the Post-UTME test seem clear and laudable it is skeptical if thecorruption that bedevilled the UTME centred admission will shift its post from theJAMB office to universities (Ifedili and Ifedili, 2010).The scores from the UTME alone cannot be relied upon to provide the basis foradmitting students into higher institutions. One needs to observe the environmentalconcomitants during JAMB examination in some areas, such as high rate ofinfiltration on school compound including swift vehicular movement through whichmalpractice is aided and abated (Umo, 2005). Some examiners are bribed intoallowing unauthorized materials into the hall. Some of them are even used as organ ofdissemination of worked answers (Umo, 2006). In this milieu, the school environmentwhich is supposed to be characterized with calmness is infested with noise, rowdiness,disturbance and misdemeanour. JAMB has tried so much to avert this ugly situationthrough the help of security agents. JAMB has also used different numbering systemsand codes for different subject combinations to discourage mass cheating. A lot ofcancellation of results has been made to no avail. For instance, in the 2005/2006JAMB exercise, the result of the whole of Nsukka zone, comprising about eight bigtowns in Enugu state were cancelled which resulted in blacklisting the affected centresfrom taking the examination for upward of 5 years. The effect of this seeminglyunreliable UTME scores on the undergraduates can never be over emphasized. It isagainst this backdrop that this study intends to find out how the students admitted inTai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu-ode through Post UTME screening testhave fared in their academic achievement.

Statement of the Problem 

Despite stringent measures and strategies employed by the Nigeriangovernment to ensure that educational standards are maintained at least at universitylevel, it appears students whom after passing through all these vigorous examinationsstill perform far below expectations. This high rate of poor academic achievementamong undergraduate is not unconnected with the channel through which they foundthemselves into the University System. Ebiri, (2006) observed that using JAMB as ayardstick for admission of students into Nigerian universities has led to intake of poorcaliber of candidates who are characterized by high failure rate, increase inexamination malpractices, high spillovers and the production of poor quality outputthat are neither self-reliant nor able to contribute effectively in the world of work

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


BANK:                       GTB BANK
ACCT NO:                  0262412831
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

CLICK ON THE IMAGE BELOW TO REQUEST FOR MATERIAL
Updated: 31st January 2020 — 7:51 am

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