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ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS ENGLISH GRAMMAR IN ENGLISH LITERATURE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The issue of teaching grammar has received considerable critical attention. There is a growingbody of literature that recognises the importance of grammar teaching, but on the other sidesome experts argued that grammar should entirely be eliminated from language teaching.Consequently, English teachers would worry about the status of grammar within teaching andlearning process due to the debate. Therefore, Male (2011) exposed that students’ viewsconcerning grammar teaching in English as foreign language are important so they can throwlight on the teaching process

There is a growing body of literature that recognises the importance of grammar teaching.Grammar is an important aspect of language to form and build a well-structured sentence inEnglish. Utami and Bambang (2006) confirmed that grammar is a fundamental in making uplearners’ language skills and their communicative competence. Hence, grammar enables one tocommunicate in written or either orally and other people can understand his message. Besides,it also helps the language learners to avoid misunderstanding and misinterpretation of messagedelivered to other hearers or speakers. In addition, ambiguity might constantly occur if languagelearners do not have grammar ability. Therefore, it can be stated that grammar plays vital rolein language learning and also it is an element that every English learners must possess. Azar(2007) added that without grammar, language learners would have only individual words orsounds, pictures and body expressions to communicate meaning. This statement shows thesignificant role of grammar towards communicative purpose as well as other skills.Furthermore, students can master grammar quite well; it must be supported by the goodteaching of grammar, because it will influence students in learning and acquiring grammarknowledge.The preliminary study was conducted by the researcher in English Literature Department,the researcher deeply explored about the grammar teaching but focused only on one aspect inteaching such as the strategies used by the lecturers to teach. It was carried out by interviewingfour lecturers who teach in structure classes and ten students (i.e., 2 students from class of 2014,2 students from class of 2015, 2 students from class of 2016, 2 students from class of 2017, and2 students from class of 2018). The result of the interview on grammar teaching which isspecifically explored about strategies used is divided into two sides, students and lecturers. Firstone is the students’ side. They revealed that activities designed in the classroom were varied;commonly those were oral presentation and explanation.Both activities mainly required the students to do self-discovery, meaning that they learnedthe materials by themselves and tried to comprehend it. In oral presentation, students were giventhe copied modules in order to study and to make presentation with the partners using the slideshow. Meanwhile, in explanation, lecturers merely explained the grammatical rules butpreviously, he or she had the students to learn the materials at home and to say any difficultythey found in order to ensure whether or not they understand. So, the lecturers’ explanation onthe materials was intended to clarify what students did not understand.Another side is the lecturers’. In accordance with the facts revealed, they only said that inteaching at structure classes, various strategies were designed as mentioned earlier in order toengage the students with the teaching and learning process. In addition, in applying thosestrategies, they were merely grouping students into three to five people or even more than that,and sometimes had them to just sit in pairs. Then, it can simply be said that lecturers have tocarefully consider appropriate strategies to use during the class in order to have students activelyparticipate. Freeman (2003) said that foreign language grammar learning would not be completewithout considering strategies

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Updated: 31st January 2020 — 8:03 am

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