1.0 INTRODUCTION ‘
1.1 Background to the Problem
Science education is an indispensable tool for national development because of the important position it occupies in the development and growth of all nation.
Akinmade (1996) observed that most elementary science teachers spend most of their time in class teaching for memory and comprehension as opposed to teaching for the development of productive thinking skills. This attitude of teacher centred teaching method continued until the time when the then Soviet Union launched its first satellite (the Sputnik) into space in 1957.
This event necessitated a call for a reform in both curriculum content and method of teaching across the globe.This include among others, the Physical Science Study Committee (PSSC), Science – A process Approach (SAPA) and Chemical Education Material (CHEM) developed in United State and Britain. Such Institutions and professional bodies according to Danladi (2003) include the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN) who developed the Nigeria Integrated Science Project.
The Comparative Education Study and Adaptation Centre (CESAC) now NERDC who developed the Nigeria Secondary School Science Project (NSSP), and the Primary Education Improvement Programme of the then Northern Nigeria Government in collaboration with Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.
This is in line with Awodi in Mari (1994) who opined that teachers can-not teach Science effectively without employing the process of science, neither can students learn science effectively without employing the process of science. Many research findings on the teaching of science in Nigeria, have revealed that science is poorly taught. Also Ekpo (1992) observed that the slow pace at which science develops in Nigeria is a consequence of lack of qualified science teachers and poor teaching of science, at all levels in the Country. The recognition of the superiority of activity-based instructional methods over the other methods has resulted in the recommendation of the process approach, to science teaching as a method of instruction in science class (Akpan 1992).
IMPACT OF SCIENCE APPROACH https://jollertexcomputer.com.ng/index.php/2019/11/21/all-classes-of-project-materials-at-cheaper-price-4/ON REMEDIAL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
Statement of the Problem
Results of several researches conducted over the years have indicated that of all the various factors responsible for the poor performance of students in sciences (chemistry inclusive) poor method of teaching predominates, Ivowi (1991), Ajewole (1991), Ekpo (1992), Danladi (2003). However, Ajewole (1991) suggests the need to adopt a new method that deviate in the style of teaching from the traditional approach to active learning technique. Thus, the problem of this study is to try the process approach with a view to determining whether it can improve learning, as it offers a wide variety of opportunity for pupils to interact with concrete objects during which they can use the functional intellectual skills called the science process skills to solve problem.
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