TECHNIQUES FOR MAINTAINING

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

From the nineteen sixties to the early nineteen eighties, public secondary schools in Nigeria provided quality boarding facilities for students. Then it was the prerogative of religious groups to do so because they were running the schools. This was attributed to the fact that they were the major investors in the sector. Even at the initial stage, when the government of Nigeria gradually took over the schools, boarding facilities were admired, coveted and patronized by parents and guardians. Then educational standard was noble and high with its products fitting properly into the social stream. Indeed, they contributed meaningfully to the overall development of the society. As a matter of fact, there was high moral discipline, proper teacher co-ordination and Government supervisory function on the system. All these streamlined students abilities and performance, as officials saddled with boarding house activities were well behaved, committed and demonstrated worthy lifestyles. Students then learned to be more tolerant of the opinion of others in the hostels which was invariably transferred to the larger society. They conducted themselves in a more socially acceptable manner. These eventually patterned their social behaviours when they begin to live adult citizen life. However ,with the decreasing number of boarding facilities such as bedding space, war drops /lockers, water and electric supply, sanitary facilities, dining halls/facilities, common rooms, game and sporting facilities etc, which became noticeable in the mid eighties, only a shadow of the once cherished boarding houses were left ;it becomes evidently difficult for students to secure conducive and comfortable hostels that could guarantee safety and enhance effective learning and teaching activities. In the event that boarding 2 facilities are provided, they are not only very expensive, but of low quality. In addition, these facilities hardly last long due to gross lack of maintenance practices in our boarding schools. Then the boarding facilities were cheap, affordable and available in sufficient quality and quantity. The reverse is the case now and this was the genesis of unimaginable downturn Adeboye (1999) Complains have been raised in the media through newspapers, articles and debates on television about the state of school hostels in public boarding schools. Some of the complaints mentioned are as follow; school hostels are in terrible conditions; boarders are living without mattresses in the dormitories and toilets do not function properly; some hostels are not supplied with enough water for the boarders; hostel materials are not delivered on time due to lack of communication between the schools and government authority ;hostels are in a poor condition due to inadequate and irregular repair and maintenance; hostels charges may restrict the choice learners with financial difficulties Fafunwa (2004). Hostel management in terms of utilization and maintenance squarely lei in the hands of house masters/ mistresses. They are the pivot of the whole residential system. The success of the hostel, as an instrument of education will depend to a great extent on the personality, status and qualifications of the hostel superintendent or house master/ mistresses Kochhar (2007).It is therefore expected that the house masters /mistresses should be people of imagination and clear ideas, people with amiable personality. They also ensure that hostel facilities are provided for boarders.

TECHNIQUES FOR MAINTAININhttps://jollertexcomputer.com.ng/index.php/2019/12/19/assessment-of-students-academic-performance-in-boarding-and-day-school/G BOARDING FACILITIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

Statement of the Problem

Most boarding school in Nigeria are face with numerous problems, particularly in terms of provision, utilization and maintenance of facilities. Of most concern to this study is the problem of inadequacy in the provision, utilization and maintenance of; Water supply 4 Electricity Supply Sanitary Facilities Dining Facilities Recreational Facilities Bed/ Bedding Space Wardrobe Facilities and, Common Rooms, in Boarding Secondary Schools in Niger state. Halimatu (2003) observed that the existing public boarding schools are characterized by acute shortage of required boarding facilities; the environment does not depict what an ideal boarding house should be. Thus, Government budgetary allocation to education over the years has remain questionable in terms of sufficiency to meeting numerous demands for quality education. An improvement in the amount allocated to education will surely make a difference in the quality of output of our education system. The 2016 budgetary allocation to education shows a clear departure from the past. It is hope that it will be implemented judiciously. Obviously, the existing boarding schools are those built several years ago with boarding facilities that are obsolete, in adequate and inappropriate for the modern day usage. The past government’s effort was concentrated at building days schools with less efforts at establishing new boarding schools with modern boarding facilities.

Most boarding school in Nigeria are face with numerous problems, particularly in terms of provision, utilization and maintenance of facilities. Of most concern to this study is the problem of inadequacy in the provision, utilization and maintenance of; Water supply 4 Electricity Supply Sanitary Facilities Dining Facilities Recreational Facilities Bed/ Bedding Space Wardrobe Facilities and, Common Rooms, in Boarding Secondary Schools in Niger state. Halimatu (2003) observed that the existing public boarding schools are characterized by acute shortage of required boarding facilities; the environment does not depict what an ideal boarding house should be. Thus, Government budgetary allocation to education over the years has remain questionable in terms of sufficiency to meeting numerous demands for quality education. An improvement in the amount allocated to education will surely make a difference in the quality of output of our education system. The 2016 budgetary allocation to education shows a clear departure from the past. It is hope that it will be implemented judiciously. Obviously, the existing boarding schools are those built several years ago with boarding facilities that are obsolete, in adequate and inappropriate for the modern day usage. The past government’s effort was concentrated at building days schools with less efforts at establishing new boarding schools with modern boarding facilities.

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Updated: 22nd December 2019 — 6:41 am

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