1.1 Background to the Study

Determinants are referred to as factors or variables that help individuals or students in enrolment and academic decision- making process. Many factors determine whether students are motivated or not to be enrolled or not into an academic programme of tertiary institutions of learning. It is pertinent to note that no single theoretical interpretation of motivation explains all aspects of student‘s motivation or lack of motivation Holland (2012). Different theoretical interpretations do however shed light on why some students in a given learning situation are more likely motivated to enroll and learn some course than others. Consequently, each of the theoretical interpretations can serve as the basis for argument as the students‘ determinants to enroll into a programme of tertiary institution of learning. Bowen (1984) identifies the some determinants that influence students choice and enrolment to include personal interest, family status, peer group, (student- student interaction), societal attitudes and subject combinations. Bowen (1984) see enrollment into a give programme of learning as an official process of entry where an individual is enlisted as a member of a class in a particular school or academic programme. This is guided by someone‘s‘ career choice and interest of that programme Holland (2012). Holland (2012) further emphasized that a career is a sequence of role or position occupied by a person throughout his or her life times. It is the totality of work done including leisure and educational pursuits which may encompass a number of occupations, vocation or job one engages in during his or her working life. According to Julie (2004), choice of career could be defined as selecting carefully between alternatives. Choice of career is also an occupational decision making. Choice of career is very important in the life of any human being, especially among the secondary school leavers. This is because choice of career is geared towards specialization in the Sciences or Arts (Julie, 2004). Choice of career can be referred to as the number of occupations, jobs and positions occupied throughout a person‘s working life in a specific area developed over a period of time with the aim of reaching its apex after making invaluable contributions to the development of that chosen area at various positions (Okeke, 2003). Career decision determines to a very large extent the entire life style of an individual, including social status, value system, income, and leisure time activities, choice of friends, mental or physical health, and etcetera. It determines how satisfied or frustrated an individual will be in life. Career is more than a job; it is a way of life especially when one considers an individual‘s personal characteristics such as desires, interest, needs, goals, abilities, social and physical condition of society (Okeke, 2003). According to Kerka (2000), multiple factors such as interest, peer group, family, school environment, educational attainment level, sex (gender) as well as individual cultural background are determinants that influenced students‘ enrollment. These determinants are the desire of someone to accomplish a given task which can decisively affects the nature or outcome of something (Encarta dictionary, 2009). Bandura, Brbarnelli, Caprara and Pastorelli, (2001) opined that enrollment lived in the personal aptitudes social contacts and educational attainment of a person. Hewitt (2010) stated that most people are influenced by their parents while others follow their passion regardless how little it will pay while others are on what a career gives as income. Student perception of being suitable for particular jobs has also been found to be influence by ethnic back ground, years in school, level of achievement, choice of science subjects, attitudes and differences in job characteristics (Mcquaid and Bond, 2003). Enrolment can be referred to as a list of people registered for or enrolled in something based on interest or desire (Encarta dictionary, 2009). Enrolment may be low or high in a given school because some student‘s preferred conventional courses to 3 technical/vocational courses due to lack of interest, enthusiasm, poor funding and inadequate facilities (Rena, 2007).

Statement of the Problem

The underlying reason why agricultural education programme is seen as a occupation for suffering is because of the use crude implements for tilling the land and long term returns. Those who found themselves studying agricultural education programmes are usually found as accidental individuals or forced into the programme with only few willingly found into the programme (Abass, 2004). This may be due to lack of interest, familial 4 influence, peer group, gender discrimination or other reasons that might have made the choice of Agricultural Education difficult (Abdullah, Bakar and Othman, 2009). Furthermore, the assumption that enrolling into agricultural education may make someone permanently a farmer has also contributed to low enrolment of students (Abdullahi et al, 2009). Record and observation have shown that teachers who teach agricultural science in secondary schools are grossly scarce and those on ground lack the expertise to instill the right values of agriculture into the prospective students. In Nigeria today however, with the prosperity of opportunities in agriculture for gainful employment and currently faced with major problems of unemployment, agriculture therefore has become a target to solving this unemployment saga both by government and private organizations. Many agricultural imitative like loan facilities, subsidized inputs, promoting organized farmer organizations among others were being re-introduced. However, it is not certain if these efforts could encourage students‘ enrollment into agricultural education programmes coupled with the fact that most secondary school leavers lack the productive skills as designed in the curriculum. As a result of this, these groups of students who are mostly youths full of energy roam the streets of our cities without doing anything meaningful. Many farms as observed by the researcher in the study area more particularly at the secondary schools who are the prospective students of colleges of education are not well developed and utilized to develop appropriate skills and interest in students. It is against this backdrop that the researcher decided to establish the student‘s perception of the determinants of enrolment in agricultural education programme in Colleges of Education

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Updated: 20th December 2019 — 9:23 am