EFFECT OF SCHOOL AUTHORITIES ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Education is a key to development of any nation. This end has made countries all over the world to establish initiatives important in enhancing education delivery and acquisition by all citizens. However, the process of education delivery and acquisition depends on the management of education activities both at school level and national level. There are several initiatives that have been in place to ensure that educational managers are enlightened to important management skills and knowledge. For example in Tanzania, school heads have been capacitated in their management endeavours with important management skills through the Agency for Development of Educational Management (ADEM). Thus capacity building of school heads is important in enhancing teaching and learning process. This is due to the importance of effective management of teachers and other resources in achieving effective students’ learning and higher academic performance in general.

(Seashore and Leithhood, 2010) observed that if a school is vibrant, innovative and child centered, if it has a reputation for excellence in teaching, if the students are performing well, one can almost always point to the teacher as the cornerstone of all the achievement that the school will be obtaining. Mwandiwa (2012) contained that the school cannot shine in academic performance in the absence of teachers and well disciplined students, since students and teachers play a great role in the issue of academic achievement. Building on the same vein (Judith, 2009) added that without good teachers, students cannot achieve more in the whole issue of academic performance because the achievement of the students depends mostly on their teachers.  Karen and Kenneth (2004) believe that the head teacher and his fellow teachers perform among other key functions, shaping a vision of academic success for all students, creating a climate hospitable to education, cultivating leadership in others, improving instruction, managing people and data processing to foster school improvement. Today, improving school leadership ranks high on the list of priorities for school reforms; a detailed 2010 survey by Wallace foundation found that capacity building to teachers is among the most pressing matters on a list of issues that may facilitate good performance among the students in public and private secondary schools. Although in any school, a range of leadership patterns exists among teachers, assistant head teachers and parents, the teacher remains the central source of school achievement in academic in a school.

Statement of the Problem

Academic success of any school is a major ideal of any education sector and all education stakeholders. However, due to some reasons some schools tend to fail miserably. There is persistent poor academic performance of secondary schools in Mbulu district in comparison to other schools that are found in other districts in Nigeria. Various researches (e.g. Mwinyiheri  and Mwanaidi (2010) both conducted research in Nigeria to establish the effect of  school leadership training on students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Nigeria, their findings revealed that leadership training has positive impact on the students’ academic performance. Also various researches have been conducted to establish the possible causes of this poor performance in different areas, for example Chogero (2009). The causes presented are such as lack of quality teachers, instructional materials, school resources and facilities, nature of leadership styles of head teachers and nature of family background of students.

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Updated: 8th December 2019 — 12:41 pm

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