Violence is widely heard to have become a serious problem in recent decades. Juvenile offenders and victims are on the increase. The topic of school violence is one that affects all in the society. Asides from interfering with the learning process, the long range effects of school violence affect us all. Statistically, children who engage in violent acts are more likely to become adult criminals. Many children who display violent behaviour at school are exposed to violence or abused outside the school environment and may be in need of help. The consequences and effects of violence can be devastating and far reaching. Physical injuries can range from bruises, scrapes, burns to brain damage, permanent disabilities and death. The school as a micro society is an agent of socialization. And for socialization to take place there must be peace and harmony. Schools can be free from violence, thus, paving way for good academic performance. A school comprises of human beings organized and interrelated with common purpose to educate the children brought under their care.(Ajuzie, 2005).
The school resembles a society in its characteristics and nature of operation and may rightly called a micro society. On account of it functions in the society, the school becomes increasingly an essential subsystem of the latter. It is responsible for the transmission of the culture of the society from one generation to the other, and for assisting the individuals in the society to acquire the necessary skill abilities and competencies for the development of the society. The school is an agent of socialization of the social cultural and technological transformation of the society and for the general enlightenment of the public. Talcott (1951) and Merton (1966) hold the view that deviant behaviour is most likely to occur when norms that governs conducts in any societal setting manifest elements of contradiction. A school environment is a mini society. It is an environment in which people of diverse socio-economic background and orientation come together for the purpose of acquiring knowledge and social skills. (Iyekolo, 2012).
THE EFFECT Ohttps://jollertexcomputer.com.ng/index.php/2019/12/20/effects-of-stress-on-students-students-academic-performance-in-colleges-of-education/F VIOLENCE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
Randle,(2000) referred to school environment as a melting point in which persons of varied social textures come to be mould into a single unified form that will be appreciable and acceptable in the larger society. One channel through which this unification is achieved is called social interaction. John, (1976) stated that the activities of teachers and pupils in formal learning situations has produced a seemingly well defined category of empirical phenomena that in the sociology of education is referred to classroom interaction. But many of these interactions end in violence. School –based violence is a broad term that encompasses a wide variety of actions. Many reports indicate actions that constitute violence to range from physical fighting, to carrying of weapon; to drug use. Furlong and Morrison (2012) in an excerpt in the internet noted that there is no clear definition but they consider school violence to be conceptualizes as a multifaceted construct that involves both criminal acts and aggression in schools which inhibits development and learning as well as harm the school environment. Violence in school is an international or premeditated action that can destroy life and property. It is a household concept, a worldwide phenomenon. Violence has no geographical, social, racial or academic boundary. It can occur in human groupings; some students have traits of violence or have tendency to violence as a result of their innate characteristics on the environment where they grow up (Abdulkadir, 2012).
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