EVALUATING THE EFFICACY OF SOME UNCONVENTIONAL REMEDIES USED FOR THE TREATMENT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction

In Nigeria, poultry occupies a pivotal position among livestock–based vocations, because of its enormous potential to bring about rapid economic growth. The importance of the poultry sub-sector is chiefly in the provision of meat and eggs, employment either directly or indirectly and the contribution to the revenue (gross domestic product) of the country (Afolabi et al., 2013). The poultry sector accounts for about 58.2% of the total livestock production (Amos, 2006). The poultry industry in Nigeria currently is responsible for less than 15% to 18% employment opportunities, due to the fact that the industry is mainly subsistent (Afolabi et al., 2011).

1.2 Background Information Infectious bursal disease (also known as Gumboro disease) has been reported throughout the world, and the socio-economic significance of the disease is considerable world-wide. For many years, IBD has constituted a serious problem for the poultry industry and the ‘reemergence’ of the infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) in the form of antigenic variants and hypervirulent strains has been the cause of significant losses (van den Berg et al., 2000). In Nigeria, IBD has continued to be a serious challenge to the commercial poultry industry with the occurrence of outbreaks in both vaccinated and non-vaccinated flocks (Abdu, 1997; Ezeokonkwo, 1997; Oyekunle and Adeniji, 2006). The disease affects young chickens and is characterized by high morbidity, mortality, atrophy of the bursa of Fabricius (BF) and immunosuppression.

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Updated: 23rd May 2019 — 12:29 pm