Background of the Study

The quality of education provided in many schools depends on many factors which include supervision. Supervision is an essential activity of any organization, be it an industrial or educational establishment. In the education sector, it is a device for assisting and encouraging teachers to improve their knowledge for ensuring the achievement of educational goals and objectives, as teachers need to be supervised to enable them do their work effectively. In the school system, supervision is very important in enhancing the effectiveness of teachers in performing their teaching functions. According to Ugwu (2001), supervision is the effort made to help the teachers in identifying and solving their professional problems for the purpose of improving the total teaching and learning situation. Naturally, some people, including teachers, do not take their work seriously unless they are monitored and assisted. To xiii teaching function. Supervision emphasizes guiding teachers for better performance and good leadership. From the foregoing, one can deduce that supervision is the effort, support, assistance, guidance, which a superior offers to the subordinates to enhance effective service delivery in schools and other establishments. Supervision is one of the major functions of the school principal, who is in-charge of the school activities. Supervision aims at helping teachers to work harder for proper implementation of the curriculum to influence students’ behaviour. Onasanya (2006) emphasized the need to supervise teachers closely to enable them work harder no matter their level of devotion and experience. Onasanya further observed that without supervision, both teachers and school administrators will decline rapidly in their performance of duties. Thus, the more teachers are supervised, guided and corrected, the more there will be better understanding of the knowledge content of the subjects. Supervision focuses on the needs and desires of the students and helps teachers to embrace new teaching aids and methods for effective teaching and learning. Supervision is designed to support, correct and motivate teachers to enhance the process of instructional delivery to accomplish educational goals and objectives. Supervision involves assessing performance of teachers’ activities. According to Kochler (2005), supervision includes those activities which are primarily and directly concerned with studying and improving the conditions which surround the learning and growth of students. Schools cannot do without supervision in facilitating achievement of school goals. Supervision helps incompetent teachers to improve, and guides their teaching methods. It provides a guide for staff development, discovers special methods and qualities possessed by teachers. It assesses the tone of the school and identifies the need to advise the government xiv about instructional materials that can be used to improve quality of instruction (Kochhlar, 2005). Supervision is therefore one of the major roles of the principal. Principals are the heads of secondary schools charged with the responsibilities of overseeing the day-to-day activities of schools. Principals are the pillars of the school administration. According to Alpla (2005), the principal is the chief executive officer and the instructional leader of the school. As the chief executive, he oversees the management, administration, and supervision of instruction of the school. The achievement of the school goals depends on how effective the principal is in carrying out his/her supervisory role. Ayeni (2012) defined principal as the chief executive who provides instructional leadership by coordinating both curricular, co-curricular programmes and is responsible for the general administration of the secondary school. According to Abiodun (2003), a principal is one official charged with the responsibilities of insuring that the machinery set in motion for the implementation of education, functions. The principal assists and guides the teachers to deliver their lessons effectively and efficiently. Fasasi (2006) stated that a principal is the chief executive that assigns duties to those who perform them, though all responsibilities still reside on him as the accounting officer. In the context of this work, the principal is therefore defined as a school leader who oversees the day to day running of a school such as offering guidance to teachers, students and other staff of the school and represents the school before the government and parents. Principals have important roles to play for the achievement of school goals. According to Oboegbulem and Onwurah (2011), the principal is expected to interpret and implement government’s educational policies, provide opportunities through which the school relates with the community, establish and develop the community in which the institution is situated. xv According to Mgbodile (2004), principals are responsible for implementing educational programmes in schools, ensuring that conducive atmosphere is created for learning. Mgbodile further observed that principals are the hub on which the success of secondary education revolves because they help to translate policies, and guide action on curriculum implementation. Emphasizing on the role of principals, Edem (2006) stated that a principal has the challenging task of providing in-service training and programmes aimed at improving performance of staff. Such programmes, according to the author, are modern methods of teaching and evaluation, operation, and use of modern visual aids, training for improving teaching aids, training on the use of information and communication technology (ICT). To carry out supervisory roles effectively, therefore, principals need instructional supervisory skills.

Statement of the Problem

The aim of secondary education in Nigeria is to train people who can think for themselves, respect the views and feelings of others and in all be useful in the development of the society. In order achieve this aim, it is pertinent that students and teacher activities and productivity be adequately guided, directed and supervised so as to help them improve on their performance and productivity. However, it appears that in most secondary schools in SouthEast Nigeria, the principals and teachers are not living up to expectation in discharging their duties in achieving the goals and objectives of secondary education. On the side of principals, it seems that they hardly maintain friendly tone while speaking with teachers, listen to understand teacher’s point of view, consider teachers opinion in decision making and consider teachers input when it is appropriate in achieving the goals and objectives of secondary education. On the side of teachers, they lack confidence in ability of principals to effectively supervise their work.

How to get complete project materials

Step 1: make payment of N3000 to any of the bank below

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
AMOUNT:                  N3000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA

BANK:                       WEMA BANK
ACCT NO:                  0237422220


Updated: 9th May 2019 — 4:59 pm