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EFFECT OF OUTDOOR EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES ON TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH VOCABULARIES IN PRIMARY SCHOOL

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The importance of language in the development of human beings cannot be underestimated. Language is at the heart of every human activity as it touches virtually everything done by mankind such as communication, learning, share feelings and thoughts, among other things. Nwala (2005) defined language as the ability to acquire and use comp 2 Leaving Certificate (FSLC), Junior Secondary Certificate Examination (JSSC) and Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSC), it is also a compulsory subject in the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examinations and other professional Examinations. The English language is a subject taught and learnt in Nigerian schools, particularly in primary, and like any other school subjects, it requires formal instruction. Obiezu (2013) maintained that English language involves instruction in the four basic language skills; listening, speaking, reading and writing. This is because acquiring a new language necessarily involves developing these four modalities in varying degrees and combination (Tankersly, 2013). Tankersly equally explained that these four skills include associated skills such as knowledge of vocabulary, spelling, pronunciation, syntax, meaning and usage. However, of these skills, vocabulary occupies a central position in any language learning endeavour. Maduabuchi (2009) affirmed that for one to read, write and speak effectively and efficiently, one needs to develop ones’ vocabulary, because inadequate vocabulary affects reading and writing not only in English language but in other school subjects. There is no single acceptable definition of vocabulary, but Nathaniel (2000) defined vocabulary as the sum of words used by, understood by, or within the command of a particular person or group. Osborn and Hiester (2006) defined vocabulary as the knowledge of words and word meanings. Vocabulary consists of words that the pupils can attach appropriate meaning to, or define. In the teaching and learning of a language, vocabulary plays a vital role. In the area of reading and the language acts, vocabulary instruction is central to the improvement of comprehension and written expression. Obiezu (2013) maintained that vocabulary is the element that links the four language skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. Without good English vocabulary, one cannot communicate effectively in school and outside the school. This idea was captured by Hunt and Beglar (2005), who noted that a vital step in learning English is learning its vocabulary. This is 3 because of the close relationship between vocabulary development and the other aspects of language. In subject areas like basic sciences and technology, mathematics, agricultural sciences, vocabulary instruction is central to the development of new concepts and understating of increasing difficult ideas.

Statement of the Problem

The trend of poor performance among primary school pupils over the years as indicated in the background seems to be on the increase. For instance, the report of primary school common entrance examination from Examination Development Centre, Enugu, shows that there is general poor performance of pupils in English Language due to pupils’ poor performance in vocabulary development at formative stage of reading. In order to ameliorate this situation, the Federal Government of Nigeria through the Universal Basic Education Board (UBE) reviewed the curriculum of primary schools which led to the inclusion of some outdoor educational activities as part of the strategies for teaching of the topics in English language vocabulary in primary schools as well as enhancing pupils’ interest. The aim of this is to promote interaction between what is taught in the classroom and pupils’ environment as well as help them identify new words necessary for the development of English language and other local languages.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


BANK:                       GTB BANK
ACCT NO:                  0262412831
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

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Updated: 9th May 2019 — 4:37 pm

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