THE USAGE OF COMPUTER PACKAGES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ISLAMIC STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Religion is a social institution of a belief system, a mental complex and a system of worship found in every human society. Religion as a social institution is characterized by its universality, its rituals, its sacredness and its persistence Nseabasi & Oluwabamide (2008) Religion exists in all societies because, it offer answers and some purported solutions to such ultimate questions as why we fail or succeed and why we die (Udo, 2006). Different culture produce vary different systems of religious beliefs but, they all share a common feature, theycentre on a fundamental belief in the supernatural. Religion is the root of formal education in Nigeria (Udo, 2006) CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Religion is a social institution of a belief system, a mental complex and a system of worship found in every human society. Religion as a social institution is characterized by its universality, its rituals, its sacredness and its persistence Nseabasi & Oluwabamide (2008) Religion exists in all societies because, it offer answers and some purported solutions to such ultimate questions as why we fail or succeed and why we die (Udo, 2006). Different culture produce vary different systems of religious beliefs but, they all share a common feature, theycentre on a fundamental belief in the supernatural. Religion is the root of formal education in Nigeria (Udo, 2006)

Education has been the pillar upon which all meaningful national developments are built. It is the instrument which sets the pace for growth, development and understanding of issues in their entire ramification (Dalhatu, 2010). For education to be relevant in a society, it has to be effectively taught. And this can only be achieved through the appropriate use of teaching methods, instructional materials and its relevance to the teaching of Islamic Studies. Teaching method is an orderly procedure in which a teacher uses to direct students in the development of knowledge, skills, attitudes and habits (Habila, 2008). Instructional materials are those things which a teacher uses or manipulates in the process of his teaching in order to enhance learning process (Ogunleye, 2004). Dalhatu (2010) defined instructional materials as those hardwares or sets of tools at the disposal of a teacher that help in facilitating teaching and learning and development of knowledge in Secondary Schools.

Statement of the Problem

The Chief Examiner‟s report of West Africa Examination Council2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 statistics showed that, theperformances of students in Islamic Studies in external examinationisbelow average especially in Kaduna State and Nigeria in general.The government and the general public blamed the poor performance of Islamic Studies on unqualified teachers employed with little or no teaching methods, lack of appropriate or obsolete instructional materials such as wooden tablets and poor attitude of teachers and learners toward the use of computer in teaching and learning of Islamic Studies, (Diraso, Manabete, Amalo, Mbudai, Arabi and Jaoji, 2013). This has been a source of worry to researchers, teachers, parents and the students themselves. Teachers‟ use of ineffective instructional materials in teaching Islamic Studies has been found to contribute to this persistent poor achievement in Islamic Studies (Dalhatu, 2010)

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Updated: 29th April 2019 — 9:24 am