1.1 Background to the Study
Writing is desirable tool in human life because it is extensively used in education and all professions.Teaching students to write well is a priority and goal of any education system. Writingfacilitates the process of sharing information and knowledge. It is a form of communication where students or writers put their ideas on paper. It is a determinant of students‟ success in and out of school. Students are required to write meaningfully across all subject areas. The ideasstudents want to communicate are conveyed through wellstructured sentences in connected paragraphs. The correct application of grammar, mechanics and punctuation are basic principles of good writing skills. Good writing skills enable students to communicate their ideas with clarity and ease of understanding for the reader. Improper grammar can affect the meaning and clarity of intended message. The more students write accurately the better the reader will understand them. Writing is a skill that can boost or hinder students‟ academic achievement or career.Poor writing skills create a negative impression of the writer.
Effective writing is critical to students‟ school success. Writing is an important part of the curriculum of secondary schools. The essence of teaching and learning writing in schools is to help students to become proficient in writing. Students who cannot express themselves comprehensively in writing would not be able to communicate their knowledge to teachers. Words are structured into sentences based on the conventional rules of grammar. Words have to be used rightly for students to write intelligibly. Students‟ writing is the primary means by which teachers and examiners assess students learning. Written assignments help teachers to know what students have mastered and what they have not properly learnt. Writing stimulates students‟creativity. Writing equips students with communication and thinking skills. The writing process is linked to learning, it helps students to learn how to compose ideas and organize their thoughts.
Statement of the Problem
The researcher became mindful of students grammar problems in writing as a resultof personal involvement with students in school. The researcher discovered that the essays written by senior secondary students‟ are below the required standard. The students have problems constructing grammatically correct sentencesin writing essay.
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