Influence of Nigeria language policy on teaching and learning of English language in primary school

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Education has been defined differently by several scholars. The new Encyclopedia Britanica (1974) defined Education as “the transmission of the values and accumulated knowledge of the society”. It is then designed to guide an individual into learning a culture, moulding his/her behaviour towards adulthood and eventual positive role in society. Education is a process of developing individual potentials through exposure to and acquisition of experience in form of knowledge, skills and values. The essence is to transform behaviour and make such an individual acceptable and useful member of his/her society (Anaza, 2008). The United Nation Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) affirm that education is the passing of culture from one generation to the other. The passing culture is the much of the wisdom that pass from one generation to other through different means of imparting knowledge, skills, attitude and values assisted by deliberate or accidental learning. Education should be adopted to the mentality, aptitudes, occupations and traditions of the various peoples to enable them to conserve all sound elements in local tradition and social organization while at the same time, functioning as an instrument of progress and evolution (Ogunlade, 2007).

Statement of the problem

National development can be achieved or facilitated by various means one of which is the use of language. In the life of any group of people, communication is a basic necessity. Since communication is done through language, it remains an important factor in national development and national awareness. Nigeria is a community with varying degrees of language diversity and social complexity. Language situation in Nigeria is so obvious that within each of the ethnic groups that make up the nation, there are differences in languages and dialects used. This situation has constituted an important issue to most Nigerians in recent times. In a country like Nigeria national interaction, unity and hence, development may be hampered if only the indigenous languages are used to achieve national development and vice versa.

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Updated: 24th April 2019 — 3:34 pm