Welcome to Jollertex Computer

Get Your Project Materials

FACTORS AFFECTING UPTAKE OF HIV COUNSELLING AND TESTING AMONG ADULTS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background Information

HIV Counseling and Testing (HCT) play a vital role in HIV prevention and control. For people with HIV infection, HCT acts as an entry point of care and support as it also provides people with an opportunity to learn about and accept their HIV sero-status early, in a confidential manner backed by counseling and referral for ongoing emotional support and medical care. This measure has been shown to be a successful approach in many countries. Counseling helps HIV discordant couples accept safer sex practices to prevent HIV transmission to the un-infected partner, as such couple counseling on HIV can, thus, be provided as part of premarital counseling. 1 It is disheartening that globally, more than 6,800 people become infected with HIV and more than 5,700 die from AIDS every day, mostly because they have no access to HIV prevention, treatment and care services intervention. 2 In sub-Saharan Africa, most HIV infection occurs due to heterosexual intercourse between couples in a relationship and mother –to- child transmission. 3 In Nigeria, heterosexual sex remains the primary mode of transmission for HIV and accounts for 80-95% of HIV infections in the country.

As there is no effective vaccine and cure for HIV infection, HCT has been used as entrance for change of behavior and accessibility to continue treatment with antiretroviral drugs and subsequently prevention of mother –to- child transmission through use of antiretroviral drugs and modification of infant feeding practices without which mother –to- child transmission occurs in 21-32% of HIV positive pregnancies, therefore there is increased attention on HCT services which provides a high privilege for HIV prevention intervention for African countries, by contributing to the prevention of HIV infection through diminishing heterosexual transmission between partners and indirectly protects any potential child from contacting the virus.5 A range of studies conducted in different settings indicate that individual factors such as gender, education, occupation and risk perception are the main determinant factors for seeking HCT uptake, but the results were inconsistent across studies. However further research need to be done to assess the level of HCT uptake and factors affecting uptake, by looking at the individual, community and health facility barriers, so as to institute appropriate HCT services that will help in preventing the spread of HIV in the communities .

Statement of Problem

Uptake of HIV Counseling and Testing in Bunkure Local Government Area of Kano state was low; facility data showed the Proportion of HCT uptake to be 1.2%. This may be due to multiple factors affecting uptake. In 2015, Bunkure with population of over 170,891, uptake of HCT was 475 in addition to 1626 PMTCT. There were only 2 centers for PMTCT, but only one of the two facilities offered HCT and ART in addition to the PMTCT.7– 8 In 2013, Bunkure was ranked 44 out of 44 LGAs in terms of preventing maternal –to- child transmission of HIV, due to 100% absent of HIV services in the LGA despite having prevalence of HIV to be 3.4% with 354 HIV positive pregnant women,9 this was a high burden on the health services and the community, considering the magnitude of HIV infection in the country and worldwide.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


BANK:                       GTB BANK
ACCT NO:                  0262412831
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

CLICK ON THE IMAGE BELOW TO REQUEST FOR MATERIAL
Updated: 20th February 2019 — 12:59 pm

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

− 2 = 5

Welcome to Jollertex Computer © 2019 Frontier Theme
Translate »
%d bloggers like this: