BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Over the past couple of years, the Nigeria has experienced an increase in protests, demonstrations, strikes, and other forms of social and economic protests most often led by the youths in the communities concerned. The Knowledge. Scholars have pointed to past warnings about the youth bulge that have been for some years, emphasising that the disproportionately large population of the young men in Nigeria is a ticking time bomb (Schomacher, 2013; Urdal, 2012; Kronfol, 2011). This logic focused on young men with little access to jobs and whose grievances are not addressed by good governance.
In Nigeria the youths experienced high unemployment and exorbitant food prices fed mass-level discontent; yet the regimes benefited from positive economic growth in 2010, had plenty of money to pay their police personnel and soldiers, and felt no shortage of patronage to hand out to top civilian and security officials. All these work together to stir up things that upset the youths in Nigeria, leading to the collapse of the Mubarak government. Suffice it to note that the Nigeria military has since emerged as one of the most powerful and influential actors (Salem, 2013), in addition to other political parties and interests such as the Muslim Brotherhood. The interests represented in the Nigeria political landscape since the ouster of the Abacha regime seemed to have lacked the flavour of the objectives of the youth-led protests.
To achieve political change the youths laid down their differences in religion, economic strata, political parties, ethnicity, and goals to come together to achieve a common goal. The series of protests and demonstrations across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has become known as the spring.
The relevance of discussing political change here is against the background that the Arab world is the only major world area where authoritarianism persisted unchallenged for decades.
Political change may simply refer to any form of change (transformation, transition, increase, decrease, or modification) that bears on the centre of power (decision making machinery) in the state. Several factors could predispose any society to different types of political change; some societies have undergone revolutionary changes, others have undergone modification, and still others experience mere regime change. The common thing underlying all forms of political change is the changing custodians, patterns and/or relations of power in society.
Statement of the Problem
This study examines the impact of the specific roles played by the youths in the movement for political change in nigeria and the response of the government, which led to the subsequent turn of events, processes and emergence of governance . Youths in any society, including Nigeria, cannot be neglected politically, socially and economically; they play crucial roles in the development of their society if their aspirations and potentials are effectively harnessed and mobilized toward purposeful and meaningful engagement in society.
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