THE EFFECT OF VISUAL AIDS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN BIOLOGY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Education, according to Coombs (1970) consists of two components. He classified these two components into inputs and outputs. According to him, inputs consist of human and material resources and outputs are the goals and outcomes of the educational process. Both the inputs and outputs form a dynamic organic whole and if one wants to investigate and assess the educational system in order to improve its performance, effects of one component on the other must be examined.

The place of science in the development and fuifillment of the needs of any country is not in doubt. For instance, major advances in science and technology have helped nation to promote efficiency. Self reliance and the overall wellbeing of humanity through inventions/ innovations in telecommunication, transportation, health, agriculture etc. (Oyediji, 2010). Simpson and Anderson (1981) had put the picture on how science affects our lives in this form.

          Science affects every aspect of our lives: what we eat and what we wear, what we so as work, what we do as play, what we think and what we feel, even how we are born and how we die. Few moments in our lives are untouched by the products and processes of science.

Instructional resources which are educational inputs are of vital importance to the teaching of any subject in the school curriculum. Wales (1975) was of the opinion that the use of instructional resources would make discovered facts glued firmly to the memory of students. Savoury (1958) also added that, a well-planned and imaginative use of visual aids in lessons should do much to banish apathy, inadequacy of books as well as arouse students interest by giving them something practical to see and do, and at the same time helping to train them to think things out themselves.

In Nigeria, the National policy on Education (FRN, 2004) clearly spells out the objectives of science teaching from pre-primary to the tertiary level. Specifically, at the secondary level it entails equipping students to live effectively in our modern age of science and technology.

The global change in science curriculum arising from knowledge explosion and new wave in science and technological development demands for qualitative science teaching. According to Oludipe and Lasis (2006) the change calls for the provision and utilization of resources which tend to enhance the effective teaching and learning of science. Resources materials are all the materials, objects and aids that can be used in helping children to learn. Achimagu (2006) classified resource materials into classroom/laboratories equipment/chemicals and textual/audio visual materials. For the purpose of this work, resources for science teaching are classified into material and human resources. Human resources refer to science teachers and laboratory attendants. While material resources play an integral role in the teaching and learning of science as they serve to stimulate thinking, make learning enjoyable, interesting, exciting and concrete.

Statement of the Problem

     The study is to investigate the correlation between the use of visual aids and the rate at which the students improve in their performance, the study is to be carried out using some selected secondary schools in Ekiti-State, this can be accomplished by finding answers to these problems.

  1. Do students understand and perform better academically when taught with visual aids
  2.  What is the impact of visual instructional materials on the rate of academic performance of students in Biology.
  3. Can visual aids stimulates students interest

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N3000 to any of the bank below


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N3000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


BANK:                       WEMA BANK
ACCT NO:                  0237422220

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR MODE OF DELIVERY (EMAIL ADDRESS OR WHATSAPP) TO 08063666753

Updated: 17th January 2019 — 7:56 am