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ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON STUDENTS PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

            Learning resources are the instructional tools ranging from elementary improvised device to highly complex and sophisticated machines especially needs and other printed materials, charts, pictures displaying models, community resources as well as audio visual aids and equipment’s. Farrant, (1995).

            Ajakaye (1998), defined instructional materials as the process of providing of constructing adequate and necessary learning resources for effective teaching in the school. The purpose of teaching is to facilitate positive changes in behaviour. The best way by which pupils could be assisted to learn effectively is to make the teaching learning process a pleasurable activity through the use of appropriate learning resources.

            Alarapa (1999) defined organization of learning resources as the judicious arrangement of learning process to achieve the desired goals and objectives. Adeboye and Afolabi (2002) assert that assessment of learning resources is a crucial issues which must be carefully examined by the teachers depending on the form of learning resources, the teacher must determine whether such resources will be used on individual or group basis. Since poorly organized learning resources can cause disorderliness in the classroom, the teacher must organize the resources in such a way that it will enhance optimum learning. The level of instructional materials in Nigeria are lagging behind, particularly in Ifedore local government area of Ondo State. In many

schools, learning resources are not available at all; in areas where some exist they are poorly utilized. This investigation will therefore look into the best way of assessing the impact of instructional materials on students’ academic performance in secondary schools.

The use of instructional materials in teaching and learning plays very important roles in education all over the world. According to Tamakloe, Amedahe and Atta (2005), a teaching resource is “a material which a teacher uses to facilitate the learning, understanding and acquisition of knowledge, concepts, principles or skills by his students”. Instructional resources in education are the use of equipment and materials that are relevant to motivate, inform, instruct, and present the subject matter to the learner as well as making learning easier than it would have been without it. The use of instructional resources can adapt to the ability and preferences of individual students and increase the amount of personalised instructions students receive. Many students benefit from the immediate responsiveness of the interactions with instructional materials and appreciate self-paced and private learning environment. Moreover, the use of the instructional resources often engages the interest of students, motivating them to learn and increasing their independence and personal responsibility. Although it is difficult to assess the effectiveness of the use of instructional resources, some studies have reported that the use of instructional resources is successful in raising examination scores, improving students’ performance, attitude and lowering the amount of the time required to master certain materials Kurland, (2008).

Eshief {2008} observed that instructional materials constitute the longest materials and activity base on teaching and learning process. This stems from the relevance of some aspect of business in which environmental problems and human challenges (health, food housing flood, space, earthquakes etc.) are solved. The school environment becomes a learning system providing available information on human success and material which can be depends in promoting learning.

Statement of the Problem

Teachings over the years have been faced with various problems ranging from the absence of instructional materials that are relevant in the class to teacher factors. Therefore, one can say that lack of instructional resources in school affects students’ performance, interest and attitudes of students towards learning. This forms the premise on which this study is undertaken, to accessing the impact of instructional materials on students’ performance in secondary schools.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


BANK:                       GTB BANK
ACCT NO:                  0262412831
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

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Updated: 17th January 2019 — 8:02 am

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