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PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF CHEATING IN EXAMINATION AMONG STUDENTS OF HIGHER INSTITUTION

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the study

Indigenous system of education existed in Nigeria before Western education. Parents were the teachers and the curricular were based on the norms of the society. There existed also vocational training which was hitherto referred to as traditional education. These were centres where children demonstrated skills.

Achievement was measured individually and competition with self was encouraged rather than with others. Cheating at any form of examination in these types of school would amount to cheating self, so there was no form of cheating in any kind of examination. Method of conducting examination also differ significantly from what exists in the structured western form of education. Then came western education which has its origin with Europe in the beginning fog the 19th century, precisely be between 1842 and 1892. At this time, eight missions were able to establish in different parts of Nigeria with the first school established in 1843 at Badagry by the Methodist Church, Fafunwa (1974). But the actual or forma/western education which was formal examination based became more strengthened during the colonial era. The present schooling system is the structure of formal education. This is where children gather under the roof to be taught through designed plans and objectives.

Every institution of learning has clearly stated objectives. Wherever purpose an institution commits itself to it takes on the obligation to keep investigating how well it is achieving that purpose otherwise it cannot improve on its objectives. The school therefore should keep assessing how well it is succeeding. Examination then becomes the basic characteristics of formal education. The primary purpose of examination is to assess the extent to which pupils have responded to the instructions provided from time to time or from task to task. Examination should also help student towards a healthy image of himself/herself. It is, however, not to trap students but a diagnosis or an aid (Douglas and Alfred, 1974). When a student is aware of his performance it takes unto him/her the obligation to work harder for better results.

statement of the problem

Nigeria spends large sum of money in the educational sector every year but cheating in examinations still persists. For example in 1990 education received the loins share in Oyo, Lagos, Akwa Ibom, Kwara and Imo states. Similarly N718.8 million was allocated to education by the Federal Government in 19191. in some states like Oyo, Borno, Rivers, Lagos, Cross Rivers and Benue education received the largest share in that year budget shows an increase in funding in education every year. For example, in 1996, N46,100,000 was allocated to education

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Updated: 9th January 2019 — 6:57 pm

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