This study aims at assessing the strategies needed in combating children violation right. The research employed various methods including, structured interviews, questionnaires, and focus group discussion as primary data collection methods and books, journals, internet, reports and records from various related institutions as secondary sources. The interviewed respondents were hundred (100) including parents, youths and caregivers, and 70 students with the age of 15 – 17 and 30 respondents from different institutions related to the issue for questionnaires, as well as other 30 respondents from 3 groups for focus group discussions. The data was collected randomly by using simple random sampling technique so that everyone could get opportunity to participate in the study and purposefully or judgmental sampling procedures so that the researcher can get the technical answers. Both qualitative and quantitative methods was used and analyzed using manually for descriptive and by using SPSS for the statistical data. In this study it has been revealed that the violation of children’s rights has been increasing in Urban District as a result of poverty, lack of education and awareness of children rights, death of parents, ethics and moral decays. The strategies used was communication strategies through Parenting education, media education package and education package as well as Children Councils, while the strengths helped effectively in facilitating the provision of adequate knowledge and awareness of parents, youth and children, the weaknesses has brought the challenges in the process of combating effectively the violation of Children’s rights
1.1 Background Information
‘Child’ according to The Children’s Act No.6 of 2011 means a person below the age of 18 years. They are so dependants and need protection and support from their parents, community and the Government. According to Nigeria Children’s Act No. 6 of 2011 section 5,6,7,8,9 and 10 the children have their rights like participation and views expressed, non discrimination, right to name and nationality, right to registration of birth, right to live with the parents, and right to be provided with certain or good condition of living necessary for his development which include nutritious food, shelter, appropriate clothing, education including religious education, appropriate care and protection which involves adequate Medical care and immunization as well as sports (ZCA, 2011).
Despite children having those rights, they have been violated and now children encounters the risks such as child abuse, torture, child or forced labour, absolute poverty, child trafficking, early and forced marriage, family dysfunction and separation. While the problem is continuing in the society and very unfortunate that the accused or perpetrators sometimes are the ones who are supposed to socialize and protect them (children) as their leaders or teachers in schools, madrasa, relative at homes and at other socialization environment or settings.
States bear primary responsibility for preventing and responding to violence against children, and for upholding the Convention on the Rights of the Child and other treaties, which guarantee girls and boys every where the right to live their lives free from violence. There must be action in all sectors – from health and education to labour and justice – and at all levels, local, national and international. But civil society groups and individual citizens also have important roles to play. The UN family, for its part, remains strongly committed to this work (Annan, 2006).
Statement of the Problem
The children according to The Children’s Act No. 6 of 2011 have their rights useful for their needs, protection and wellbeing and the Government under the Ministry of Labour, Social Welfare, Youth, Women and Children and other stakeholders has established strategies in combating the increasing rate of Violation of those children’s rights and provides knowledge and awareness to people in Ekiti State. Despite those efforts and many cases believed to be unreported, the reported cases show increasing and those strategies to combat the violence actions has been questioned. This research intend to assess the effectiveness of the strategies in combating the violence of children’s rights in Zanzibar Urban District and will recommend the actions potential to be taken to reduce the gap or weakness.
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