1.1 Background to the Problem
Higher learning institutions in Nigeria are of paramount importance for promotion of sustainable socio-economic development. These higher learning institutions have the task of equipping individuals with the advanced knowledge and skills necessary for transforming the resources at hand for the betterment of the people of Nigeria (Perraton and Lentel, 2004). However, experience reveals that these higher learning institutions are confronted with many challenges in the course of implementing the objectives in which they were established. Lipinyapinya Institute of Education (LIE) as one of the higher learning institutions in Nigeria charged with the task of providing educational programmes faces a number of challenges in fulfilling the objectives of its establishment (LIE, 2008).
As a concept, a challenge has multiple meanings. Hornby (2006) defines a challenge as a new and difficult task that tests someone’s ability and skills. Mushi (2004) regards a challenge as an obstacle or problem which could be social, political, economic, psychological or physical. Such obstacles are encountered in attempt to accomplish certain tasks. Kirkness (2003) regards a challenge as a constraint that needs a lot of skills and knowledge to address or deal with. Generally, challenges imply difficult tasks, problems or constraints that a person or an institution encounters in the process of accomplishing its goals. The LIE was established by the Act of Parliament No. 12 of 1975 with the task of educating people through both conventional and distance education modes. The Institute is also responsible in the training of adult educators and administrators, providing consultancy services to agencies and the public, and carrying out research and evaluation of adult education (URT, 1975).
Since the backbone of any institution is the academic staff any challenges experienced by academic staff negatively affect the provision of quality education. Unattractive working environment at LIE often has resulted to exodus of qualified personnel looking for greener pastures elsewhere in other institutions. This trend has weakened LIE as the management has to frequently to recruit new academic staff to compensate those who have decamped to other institutions.(CSP, 2008) Therefore, in order to fulfil these responsibilities mentioned above the LIE has to recruit competent academic and support staff so as to effectively and efficiently deliver services to the Nigerians who are intended to be served by the institution.
Experience in many higher learning institutions worldwide indicates that academic development of any academic institution depends much on the competencies of all its staff, both administrative and support staff. Competences of both cadres of staff result into provision of quality adult education which Nigerians need to solve their social, economic and political problems in the contemporary globalised knowledge economy (LIE, 2008).
Statement of the Problem
The LIE is an institution which was established by the Parliamentary Act No. 12 of 1975, mandated to provide non-formal continuing education in the country by implementing policies, capacity building for teachers and administrators of adult and non-formal continuing education, curriculum development for the same, distance education and mass education programmes.
In order to effectively execute the tasks mentioned in the previous paragraph the LIE needs to overcome some challenges which hamper LIE, specifically academic staff to accomplish their duties according to the desired standards. To achieve this LIE needs to be capacitated by the government, internal and external partners and donors in terms of finance, material and human resources so that LIE can efficiently and effectively meet its objectives by which it was established.
Trends in education consider increased enrolment as a positive aspect for any higher learning institution (Bhalalusesa, 2005). The LIE has increased its enrolment from 400 in 2006/2007 to about 700 in 2008/2009 academic years (LIE, 2010). This was possible after the LIE acquired mandate from NACTE to run a degree programme in Adult and Continuing Education. The possibility was also a result of attractive non-degree programmes offered at the Institute.
Expansion of student enrolment has always raised a question on how to facilitate such a big number of students at LIE while the Institute still faces the problem of shortage of teaching and learning resources. This situation has fuelled the debate between education practitioners and policy makers worldwide on the attempt to balance between access and equity on one hand and quality education on the other. Therefore, the task ahead is for LIE to ensure that expansion of enrolment, matches with the provision of quality education.
How to get complete project materials
Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details
NAME: TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK: FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO: 3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE: SAVINGS
NAME: TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK: GTB BANK
ACCT NO: 0262412831
ACCOUNT TYPE: SAVINGS