IMPACT OF POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMME ON THE YOUTH IN IFE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OSUN STATE
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.
Local Government is seen as political subdivision of a nation, which is constituted by law and has substantial control of local affairs. It is regarded as the third tier of government in Nigeria, created for the purpose of grass-root development (UNO, 1961). In Nigeria the system of local government has over the years undergone series of changes, beginning
from when the British colonial administration introduced the native authority system. In 1921 the basic structure of this native authority system features prominently throughout the country and continued until 1950s, the period Nigerians began to participate actively in legislative functions. (Hassan, 2002).
The primary function of every local government is to improve the welfare of the entire grass-root people. In this regard, the effort of the local government is directed towards the improvement of the living standard of the people thereby achieving socio-economic development. These include the improvement of education, healthcare, shelter, provision
of food, employment opportunity, access to basic infrastructure and provision of good roads, electricity and water and so on.
Although the various local councils in the country were created in the early 1950s to perform localized function and to bring government nearer to the people and to implement government programmes, many of them were found to be ineffective and evidence of poor performance shown by local government council led to their
reconstitution after the country attained independence. In 1976, a major reform was introduced by the Federal government in response to the recognition that local government should occupy their rightful position in the political framework of the nation and as a basis for the return to civilian rule. The reform recognized the local government councils as third tier of government in the country. The reform also stressed that local government can only be created within an area with 150,000-800,000 people, the leadership of local government must be emocraticallyelected, and each State should create Local Government Service Board which would oversee the recruitment, training, deployment, promotion and discipline of local government staff within the State. These highlights were incorporated in 1979 constitution.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Nobody can convincingly define poverty until he passes through it, for it is better feltthan seen. However economic indices focus on poverty as lack of basic necessities of life such as food, shelter and cloths and also the general sign of economic stagnation namely; unemployment, low consumption, low purchasing power, low productivity, poor health
care, poor education system etc. (Magaji 2005 Pp 33-35). Government at all levels, be it Federal, State and Local levels are faced with many functions and obligations. One of such obligations, though difficult but indispensable is
how to reduce or totally eradicate poverty among its populace.
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