IMPACT OF MANAGEMENT AND SOCIAL SKILLS ON BULLYING BEHAVIOUR AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
1.1 Background to the study
In Nigeria, secondary school students experience an increase in the rate of repeated acts of disturbances among them. On daily basis, there are a lot of media reports
on students hurting their fellow students on several occasions through physical, verbal or cyber means that lead to suicide action by the victims to escape the seemingly endless negative relational behaviours. This situation or scenario indicates the daunting need for the study of negative relational acts among secondary school students that adversely affect their well being and academic performances and how they could be properly managed to ensure safety of students and other school community members.
Bullying behaviours among students are repeatedly aggressive acts by one or
more students against another student with difference in power between the perpetrator
and the victim with the intention of inflicting disturbing physical, verbal or cyber harm
on the victim. Bullying behaviours among students are rampant social vices in schools
today carried out through various means. Use of power to suppress the weak is the order of the day in secondary schools here in Nigeria and the world at large. Students who bully others regularly are at risk of a wide range of health, safety and educational
problems, including injury requiring hospitalization, weapon carrying, setting fires and
runaway episodes (Strabstein & Piazza, 2008). Students who bully others have a higher
incidence of mental health problems (Kampulainen, 2008) than those students who do not bully (Zubrick, Sulburn & Gurrin, 1997). School bullies are also more likely to have low academic performance, are more unhappy at school and demonstrate an increased likelihood of engaging in delinquent behaviours (Kumplainan & Rasanen, 2000; Vandel Wal, De-wit & Hirasing, 2003). School bullies also engage in smoking, drinking alcohol and substance use (Srabsteine & Prazza, 2008). Engaging in the above enumerated behaviours could lead to repeated negative relational behaviours exhibited by the school bullies that are inimical to the smooth running of school activities.
Statement of the Problem
The study was carried out to examine bullying behaviour among secondary school
students and how it could be properly managed or reduced. Bullying behaviour is a
potentially damaging form of disturbance among school students in Nigeria and
elsewhere throughout the world. This is because bullying affects health and wellbeing of
students in schools. Some weak students are damaged physically while others are
disturbed psychologically through verbal or cyber harm. For this reason, bullying
behaviours affect smooth running of school activities. Teachers spend a large part of
their working hours on attending to cases related to bullying acts among school students.
Bullies at primary school grow up to become hostile later in adolescence and adulthood.
Uncontrolled bullying at childhood endures for a long period of time and affects the
personality development of bullies throughout their life.
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