EFFECTS OF BRAINSTORMING ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

EFFECTS OF BRAINSTORMING ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the study
A healthy sense of self can make a profound difference in how an individual
feels and functions. Self-esteem is the basic sense of worth or value. Self-esteem
means self-respect, a sense of self-worth, a feeling of basic goodness about oneself.
Low self-esteem can mean constant self-doubt and self-criticism, social anxiety and
isolation, suppressed anger, loneliness, and even shame. The importance of finding a
way to improve self esteem in adolescents cannot be over emphasized considering the
fact that they are the future leaders of this country and that self-esteem corresponds
with emotional and psychological development, which can affect an adolescent in a
positive or negative way. An important factor in handling different challenges
encountered in adolescence is a positive self-concept and high self-esteem. Hamarta
(2004) stated that self esteem is an important factor in directing behavior throughout
the various aspects of life.
Research on adolescent psychological and social development demonstrates
that self-esteem plays a vital role in the well-being of young people by mediating the
relations between stress and psychological adjustment (Kristjansson, Sigfusdottir,
&Allegrante 2001). As a social psychological construct, self-esteem is attractive
because researchers have conceptualized it as an influential predictor of relevant
outcomes, such as academic achievement (Marsh, 2000) and exercise behavior
(Hagger, 2008). In addition, self-esteem has also been treated as an important
outcome due to its close relation with psychological well-being (Marsh, 1990). Selfesteem is a term used to reflect someone‟s overall emotional evaluation of his or her own worth. It is a judgment of oneself as well as an attitude toward the self. Smith
and Mackie (2007) defined self-esteem as the positive or negative evaluations of the
self.

Statement of the Problem
The issue of low self esteem among secondary school students is a matter of
concern to all stakeholders in the Nigerian secondary schools. The counselors,
teachers and parents have expressed the need to examine the self esteem of adolescents with a view to addressing the problems of low self esteem. Youth with
high self-esteem consider themselves worthy and equal to others. Those with low selfesteem have feelings of incompetence, worthlessness and a lack of confidence. It can thus severely lower the quality of someone’s life in all its forms. It also forms a base
by which someone harbors negative and destructive tendencies and extreme emotions.
These could lead to depression, suicidal tendencies, alcohol and drug abuse, violence,
mental and physical disorders and other forms of self-destructive behavior.

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Updated: 7th November 2018 — 6:13 pm

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