PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY STUDENTS IN LEARNING SOCIAL STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Social studies programme has been in existence in Nigeria for more than two decades, yet, there has been no comprehensive programme and endeavour at training social studies teachers. As a result, most of those who teach social studies never received any training in teaching social studies. Most teacher-trainers, themselves the products of the traditional system, naturally experience difficulties in training their student-teachers in their methodology of social studies.
Any new discipline in the curriculum normally calls for its textbooks and other learning materials. There is an acute dearth of appropriate textbooks for social studies in Nigeria. If social studies is not to be a regeneration of history, geography and government in new garb, books in the area need to be urgently developed.
There is an undue emphasis on the cognitive learning domain of social studies at the expense of the affective and psychomotor domains.
Students, parents and teachers express doubts as to the relative merit of social studies in the school curriculum and in the future of the pupils’ academic career. They seem· to see it as a “cog” in the educational wheel, preventing early specialization in history, geography and government and blurring the chances of access to university education in the traditional subjects.
There seems to be considerable disagreement as to how the learning’s of the students in social studies are to be evaluated. It is our view that the proper evaluation of social studies in the school test the cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. The balance between these will depend on the given situation. Both the essay and the objective-type questions may be used as may be necessary.
Unless we are convinced about the merit of social studies, we may not be sufficiently strongly disposed to find solutions to these problems. And for so long as these problems persist, for so long will the teaching of social studies be hindered.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The pedagogical method of education has dealt a great havoc to our education system. As a result we have the problems of cultism in the secondary schools and tertiary institutions to contend with. The students vandalize school properties, kill and main1their fellow students and teachers; they are threat to themselves and the society in which they live and above all they have been performing woefully in their academic out-put generally.
Anih, S. (2004) states that negligence of reason results in the loss of everything. He emphasized the need for redesigning of Nigeria’s education philosophy. We need an authentic philosophy or education to solve national problems in Nigeria.
The problem of what to teach has to do with the curriculum of education while the problem of how to teach is concerned with the method to be used in teaching and learning business to make learning effective. The management or bureaucratic problem is the mother of all problems since management is concerned with planning, directing, controlling organizing and supervising of any organization.
Quite unfortunately, there are many mediocres in the various levels of administrative cadres of our education system. Inthe classrooms, there are teachers who are not qualified to teach in the first place but they are for one reason or the other. Because they do not understand the nature of impact any meaningful learning to the learner.
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