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IMPACT OF ADVANCED SECONDARY EDUCATION ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

IMPACT OF ADVANCED SECONDARY EDUCATION ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

 INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The increasing awareness of the importance of education to the upliftment of the individual and societal standards has awakened in people and nations a conscious effort at devoting their meager resources to acquiring qualitative education. Also, “The strategic position of secondary education in the national educational system has made it a target of major concern.” This was the opinion of Segun Adeshina as far back as 1984.

According to Adeshina (1984, P. ii) secondary education stands as a transition zone as it receives primary school leavers and turnout pupils for post secondary education. Cornell (2010) presents a related opinion, by saying that it is necessary for a person to have secondary education because it is a part of the process of gaining the right education. According to Cornell, secondary education is vital because it does not ordinarily serve as the link between what children already imbibed in primary school and college (secondary) education, but also affords them with the opportunity to acquire knowledge that assists in the development of critical and analytical thinking and that of the understanding of the world around. Secondary education is very fundamental in the provision of functional education to the citizens of the country.

Moja (2000) also explains that the education that is offered at this level has two purposes. The first is to prepare pupils to exit school with the necessary skills to find employment and the other is to prepare them to continue with academic careers in higher education. In view of this, Federal Government of Nigeria (2004) in the National Policy of Education asserted that the broad aims of secondary education within overall objectives are preparing students for useful living within the society and preparing them for higher education.

All the foregoing therefore suggests that secondary education is an instrument par excellence for national development. Thus, secondary education is expected to be of good quality and of high standard.

However, the Nigerian school system is increasingly challenged with many complex problems. There is a general outcry that the standards of education are falling and morals flagging. Some blame pupils for the apparent decline in quality of education and moral values. A thoughtful few think that they are due to the nature of changes in all directions. Majority blame the teachers for the woes in our schools. They are not as devoted and dedicated to the cause of education as their predecessors. Teachers as a group blame parents and the children. They also blame government for unattractive condition of service and poor physical facilities in some parts of the educational system. This research project intends not to put the blame on the educational policy or on the system. What the research is saying is that the whole blame is on the lack of adequate educational inspection and supervision, inadequate school facilities, lack of implementation of quality control measure in terms of teacher – pupil’s ratio as stipulated in the National Policy on Education.

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

However, it appears that the secondary schools are not living up to expectation in discharging its obligation. In recent time, there is public outcry on the persistent poor performance of students in public examination. According to West African Examination Council (WAEC, 2007), the percentage of failure rate for English in the past five years surpasses that of the percentage of credit level in Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) conducted by it between 2001 and 2005. While in Mathematics, a fluctuating trend was recorded by the candidates within the years. Besides, Saturday Punch Newspaper of September 27, 2008 showed that out of a total of 1,369,142 candidates that sat for West African Senior Certificate Examination (WASSCE) in Nigeria in 2008, only 188,442 representing 13.76% obtained five credit passes and above in English Language, Mathematics and three other subjects. While 947,945 candidates representing 83% failed the examination. Also, many students engage in all forms of malpractices, parents registering their children or wards for ‘Special Centres’. There is also disappearance of traits like honesty, hardwork, punctuality, self-denial and self discipline which are necessary conditions for effective citizenship in the secondary schools.

It has been observed that very few graduates of secondary schools these days cannot communicate effectively, have poor mastery of English Language, lack required technical skills, oral and written communication, lack requisite knowledge of handling administrative positions.

In addition, there is the challenge of professionally qualified teachers. According to Egwu (2009), there are alarming differences between teachers certified qualifications, their actual teaching competence and performance on the job.

Moreover, there is also lack of modernized and adequate teaching and learning facilities like teachers’ instructional materials, laboratories, library, well-equipped classroom, and office furniture, etc.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
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ACCT NO:                  3111741042
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NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


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STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

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Updated: 14th August 2018 — 12:05 pm

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