APPRAISAL OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION SYSTEM IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background to the study

Education has been aptly described as a dynamic agent of social change that brings about rapid development of nation [Obasanjo, 1999]. Thus the need for free educational system to ensure acquisition of appropriate levels of literacy, numeracy, manipulative, communicative and life skills solid foundation for life- long learning(Tijjani,2004). The Universal Basic Education (UBE) is an ambitious educational programme, which was initiated and launched by the government and the people of Federal Republic of Nigeria to eradicate illiteracy, ignorance and poverty as well as stimulate and accelerate national development, political consciousness and national integration.s

President Olusegun Obasanjo flagged off the Universal Basic Education (UBE) programme on the 29th of September 1999 in the historic city of Sokoto in Sokoto state. Universal Basic Education is a programme initiated by the Federal government to rectify the existing distortions in the Basic Education sub-sector of the educational system. The major

 

goals of Universal Basic Education is to bring about positive changes by making the programme  responsive to the needs of the people and ensuring that the individuals and communities become actively involved in the provision of Basic Education just like the slogan “education for all is the responsibility of all”. Globally, the Universal Basic Education is conceived to embrace formal Education up to the age of 15 years as well as adult and non-formal Education including Education of the marginalized groups within the society. The organization of African Unity (OAU), now African Unity (AU) Decade of Education for Africa (1997 – 2006), which required African States to generalize access to quality basic education as a foundation stone for sustainable socio-economic development. (Nigerian Federal Ministry of Education, 2000). The specific objectives of the Universal Basic Education Programme, as outlined in the  guidelines of the Federal Ministry of Education, (2000), are as follows:-

Developing in the entire citizenry a strong consciousness and a strong commitment to its vigorous promotion.

 

 

The provision of free Universal Basic Education for every Nigerian child of school age.

Reducing drastically the incidence of drop outs from the formal school system through improved relevance, equality and efficiency.

Catering for the learning needs of young persons who for one reason or another have had to interrupt their schooling through appropriate forms of complementary approaches to the provision and promotion of basic education.

Ensuring the acquisition of the appropriate levels of literacy, education and ethical, moral and civic values needed for laying solid foundation for life –long learning.

A Universal Basic Education Commission was established by Act of the National Assembly as a way of ensuring the proper  of the objectives of the Universal Basic Education Programme. It is the responsibility of this commission to coordinate the activities of the programme through out its first nine years ‘gestation period’, from 2001 to 2009 and beyond (Nigerian Federal Ministry of Education. 2000). It is expected that the compulsory nature of the

 

Universal Basic Education Programme will ensure that more girls are enrolled in the primary and junior secondary schools being the stages that lay the foundation for the educational attainment of children. The Universal Basic Education guidelines also aim to correct the gender disparity in education by ensuring that all children of school age including girls are to enroll in schools. The UBE programme is intended to be Universal, free and compulsory, thereby emphasizing that the parents have obligations to send their children to school. Furthermore, sanctions will be imposed on persons, societies or institutions that prevent children, adolescents and youth from benefiting from the programme. (Nigerian Federal Ministry of Education,2000). This harsh posture of the Federal Government in ensuring compliance with the Universal Basic Education Programme by all citizens is very laudable. It gives hope of bridging the wide gender disparity in educational attainment of children in Nigeria in the near future.

  • Statement of the problem

Education has been a tool for development in all nations of the world including Nigeria.

 

Therefore, Nigerian government under the leadership of President Olusegun Obasanjo decided to introduce the Universal Basic Education [UBE] programme to rectify the existing distortions in the Basic Education sub-sector of the Educational system.

The level of illiteracy is increasing among the populations that are supposed to be the target of UBE. The rate of school dropout is increasing daily. Level of skills acquisition does not seem to be materializing for graduates of UBE. In view of the objectives of the Universal Basic Education programme, these primary constraints to education are supposed to be addressed by Universal Basic Education.

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Updated: 1st December 2017 — 1:05 pm

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