TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problems
Purpose of the study
Limitation of the Study
Significant of the Study
Definition of Terms
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Population of the Study
Reliability and Validity
Procedure for Data Analysis
RESULT AND DISCUSSION
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Suggestion for Further Studies
This work is aimed at investigating the factor affecting the choice of science career among secondary school students. It is also to see the extent to which each of these factors can influence students’ choice of career in particular science career. 100 students randomly selected from five schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State constitute the sample for the work. The research made used of questionnaire in the collection of the data. Data analysis was carried out by the use of mean, standard deviation simple percentage and the T-test statistics. Relevant literatures on factor affecting student’s choice of science career were reviewed and discussion the finding relevant that: (a) there is no significant relationship between the general attitude of male and female student’s career choice. (b) There is no significant relationship between the general attitude of male and female student career choice (c) there is no significant relationship between science career made by the student in SS2 and SS3 (d) there is no significant relationship between attainment of students and their career choice (e) There is no significant relationship between peer group influence and student career choice based on the findings some recommendation were made.
The secondary school certificate has been given a good position in the world of education. This is because it is the standard certificate for giving admission to the universities and other higher institutions like College of Education, Polytechnics and so on.
The students do not just go in for examination; they are given the opportunity to make realistic choices of their own subject, for which they will be presented as candidates. It is this choice that will determine their career in life.
Background to the Study
Career education and career guidance are becoming high priority items in the state and national education plans in Nigeria. Many experts in the area of science career guidance seem to see student career development as unifying theme and primary goal of career education effort.
The importance of career guidance for Nigeria students had not been sufficiently appreciated, Nigerian’s economy future will be adequately met if youths are guided effectively into area of occupational education for the acquisition of functional knowledge and the better utilization of the nation manpower resources.
Career guidance in Nigeria secondary schools can make a substantial contribution in drawing upon students’ background and experience. Students will be able to adjust better to the influence and circumstances of their immediate environment. A researcher contends that career guidance can help students to be more interested in their respective courses. Also by stimulating their hope and aspiration, career guidance can help the students discover their later capacity and abilities.
Furthermore, career guidance programme can be utilized to advice students in secondary schools at least a tentative choice of career. There is a growing differently on the part of Nigeria graduate to secure appropriate employment. It is also indicative of the fact that the importance of career guidance for students has not be sufficiently appreciated.
One major deficiency in the Nigeria employment marker is the weakness of system of occupational information. In a study by Hughas (2001), the following factors were shown to influence students’ choice of occupation like parent, friend, scholarship award and teachers.
It was found that printed information was the most important single factor influencing student choice of an occupation. The study emphasize on the significance of introducing career counseling into the secondary school at the earliest possible date. It is a well-known fact that the machinery for collecting and appraising labour market trend in Nigeria is limited.
There is no system development for informing employers of the manpower supply, trainees are not informed regarding the labour market and the opportunities available to them in terms of career prospects. As the employment tracer studies on the 1972 graduate from the university and post primary institution revealed. None of these institutions provided any meaningful career guidance services or any worthy placement service students has shown over the years that various factors contributed to the students choice of science career, therefore, students do not choose career arbitrarily from the study of Olayinka (2003) and Babbolt Detal (1999) showed parent influence as a major factor affecting the choice of career in science
Statement of the Problems
Some of the factors that influence science career choice include students’ interest, parental influence, peer group or social behaviours, teachers attitudes, teachers influence, and proficiency among others. It is therefore not clear whether there is clear cut distinction in the factors influencing science career choice among secondary school students.
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