IMPACT OF THE LANGUAGE LABORATORY ON EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

Chapter one

Introduction

Background of the Study

In one sense, we are being educated all the time, to the extent that everything that happens to us may bring about some changes in the way we feel, think, act and obviously the way we speak. We learn from the things we hear, from the circumstances in which we live, the people we meet, ideas in books or papers. Infact everything that surrounds us and of which we experience is educating us and our children all the time.

For the process of education to function effectively, the school curriculum is taken into consideration. Therefore, curriculum is the term used to indicate a group of subjects or filed of study arranged in a particular sequence. According to puckett (1979) curriculum is the selection as subjects in the school cuson, organization and administration of a body of subject matter designed to lead the pupil on the same definite life objective.

In spite of the fact so many aspects of man’s knowledge compete today for inclusion as subjects in the school curriculum, at least one modern language continues to maintain the right to a place in the secondary school curriculum. All those who believe that the study of a modern language other than one’s own has an important part to play in the development of the adolescent, a part which perhaps today even more essential than in the past, are content that this should be so. It has been observed that in the theory and practices whenever circumstances allow. The advantages inherent in such a study are beneficial to children in secondary schools.

Language according to  Webster’s Encyclopedia unabridged Dictionary of English language. Is the body of wards and same community or nation, the same geographical area or the same cultural tradition.

Language is human speech either spoken or written. Whenever there is a human society, there is language. Most forms of human activity depend on the co-operation of two or more persons. A common language enable human beings to work together in an infinite variety or ways.

Lieberman (1984) argues that human language is built on a biological based that is present in other primates and that both humans and animals have innate neural mechanisms which are matched to their respective sound producing mechanisms. Yet most linguists will readily agree that only human’s have language proper and that the possession of language put humans at considerable advantages compared with other species.

English is one of the major languages out of about 5000 estimated language spoken in the world. About 200 years ago, English was simply the language of less than 15 millions peoples. Today, however, English is used by more than 300 million peoples and second only to Chinese as regards the number of people using a particular language. English is one of the most influential and fast growing language spoken across the globe.

One fifth of the earth’s land surface used English either as native tongue or official language of the entire world’s languages, English is the most widely studied language; especially in areas where it is not native. Today, English is used in several countries in the American continent including the united state of America and Canada, Republic of countries in the West African subcontinent. Though English was actually the language of colonization in these countries, like India colonized territories.

In other countries including Japan and china English as usually taught as cheat foreign language. Equally about half of the world’s scientific and technical journals, as well as newspapers, are printed in English. The spread of English is further enhanced through the establishment of British council and united states information service by the British and U.S governments respectively with centers and libraries in various countries including Nigeria. All these factors have therefore made it easy for anyone to understands and speaks English, and moves around major cities in the world to communicate effectively with one another.

According to Anibueze, (2007), English language is a lingua Franca. As lingua franca, it is the language for unification. It is highly established so that the people of varied language will have purposes to relate together mutually and work in union. For example, Hausa man may comfortably stay effectively speak with a Yoruba man or igbo man vice versa.

The English language had remained a very important tool for socialization and bureaucratic activities in Nigeria, since the days of colonization. It was only natural that emphasis was laid on spoken English only and either on written English or both of them. However, with the emergence of a new class of people, with time, the civil servants, and their new roles in colonial administration, the teaching and learning of the language took another form.

Today, English is the language for the international community, according to Ezugu (1998), the English language is the most widely spoken language in the world. It is used as either primary or secondary language in many countries. It is the language of education, administration, law trade, international diplomacy as well as that of cultural.

It is, therefore worthwhile acquiring mastery of this very important language for whosever does not, has deprived himself of access to the world’s brightest idea modern technologies         In Nigeria today, English remains the language of pedagogy, students can hardly make commendable progress in their studies without adequate mastery of English through which most of the course in primary, secondary and tertiary institutions are taught and examined.

This calls for a system that would be both rudimentary and functional it approach of the language.

This is important for according to Umaru (2005) as a student learns a new language, very often he does not know how to express what he wants to say in writing.

Since the student uses a foreign language as a medium of communication, he has to start from the scratch to learn the rudiments of the language. It is natural then that this is the function where the various problem arising then that this is the function where the various problem arising from teaching and learning of the language meet the need to do so properly.

Language teaching according to Oluikpe (2005) emphasizes that the basic criteria for assessing student’s proficiency in writing and speaking are generally control of the basic grammatical categories such as punctuations, tense, number, gender, etc language teaching in Nigeria had fought with deficiencies. The major reason for these deficiencies is our English teacher who are not well trained only but are also non- professionals. And even if they are some what trained, their training is rooted into the work. A situation where a teacher of the language has no mastery of its grammatical categories, as we see today does not mean well for the system. Also writing on these problem facing language teaching, according to Regner et al (2001) ascertained that “many good teacher are adaptive rather than rigid in their approach to teaching children and only loosely base on their instruction on a given method.

Language is the official medium of communication of humans, it is one of the thing that differentiate man from animals. Signs and symbols, have no international understanding and it may be difficult to understand picture, painting and sculptures cannot by read by all. This makes language superior to all of them because it is easily understand and generally used. According to Ozohils (2007) language literally means the “tongue” a human organ used in speaking. Traditionally, language is define as system of arbitrary vocal symbols by which thought are communicated from being one to another.

Human being have the ability to learn and to understand and think about things. He has the capacity to gain and use knowledge. He can as well explore situations, collect information, plan and execute the plans. Man’s high intelligence has also enable him to evolve a level linguistic communication by which life can regulated. Theodore (2011) stated that language learning requires thoroughly time patience and practice, it Cannot be done solety in school with the large class but requires few minutes of daily practice for individual students.

Therefore pupils, and students should be encouraged to practice this language in their leisure in order to master the language as required.

The teaching materials involve the dominance of textbooks, dictionaries, chalk boards work books (which are rarely used) and poster in the teaching of English language in secondary school in Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State has been counter-productive. Modern media such as: Audio and Video tapes, language laboratories, programmed texts, flash desk or cards, computers, magazines and newspaper are not in use. The findings agree with those of Kolawole (2000) who found that with many problems, such as inadequate and useful resources.

A modern language laboratory is really one of the newest media that is making a lot of impact in our educational scene. The language laboratory is an audio or audio visual installation used as an aid in laboratory. Each student is able to replay one track of a tape and at the same time record his response on another track. He is then able to rewind the tape to listen to both the master track and the recording to his own response comparing the two recordings.

Statement of the Problem

          The problem of this study is to find the language laboratory as an impact on effective teaching and learning of English language in secondary schools.

The most serious problem confronting learners of a second language is that the language is not widely used in their immediate environment. As a result, the learner has no exposure to the language of his immediate environment has many teachers made up of the people with whom he interacts daily. The second language learner has to make up for out-of-school opportunities to learn.

In most cases, teachers who teach second language are themselves not native speakers. So they neither speak the language fluently nor intelligently. But they are not to be blamed because of the interference of the mother tongue.

The researcher, therefore, deemed it necessary to find out the impact of the language laboratory in teaching and learning of English language.

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Updated: 18th August 2017 — 8:08 am

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