THE EFFECT OF UNPAID TEACHER SALARY ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

ABSTRACT

This study examined the possible influence of teacher’s salary on their performances and attendance in school. The study population comprised of the teachers in all the seventeen public secondary schools in Offa. 215 teachers were selected through convenient sampling technique. Self-administered questionnaires and simple observation were the methods employed for data collection. Relevant data obtained were analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative methods. All the hypotheses were tested at 5% level of significance. Among others, the study revealed that; there was significant relationship between teachers’ irregular payment of teachers salary on student academic performance. Also, there exist statistical significant relationship between teacher’s adequate remuneration of teachers and student’s academic performances. Having recognized education as an instrument per excellence for nation building, this work recommends, among others, that government should encourage teachers through regular and prompt payment of salaries and allowances. A worker should have his wages as at when due. It is only when this is done that sanity and stability will be restored to the educational system.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In Nigeria, it may not be an overstatement to say that teachers’ has not been given adequate priority as stipulated in the National Policy of Education (2004) revised. Teachers are expected to earn both intrinsic and extrinsic reward from work (Agharuwhe, 2013). It is believed that if teachers’ pay, working conditions and fringe benefits given to teachers are judged to be good by the teachers, they will put in more effort at work (Agharuwhe, 2013). The success or failure of any educational system depends mainly on the teachers. This is where effective motivation of teachers’ comes to play. It is a well-known fact that a well-motivated teacher, who is provided with working incentives, good working conditions and adequate remuneration is bound to be dedicated to his/ her teaching so as to bring about the needed learning on the part of students (Ige, 2014).

Theoretically, lack of salary for teacher could have effect on teacher’s prompt and regular attendance in school, his attitude towards lesson plan and student’s academic performance. However, five authors, two of them outside Nigeria, that provide experimental estimates of the causal impact of teacher’s salary on student’s academic performances will be reviewed in this text. The authors are: Adeyemo, Oladipupo and Omisore (2013); Oredein and Awodun (2013); Tesfaye (2014); McKinney (2000), including Babagana and Babagana (2015) who did similar study among the teachers and students of higher institution in Bornu state of Nigeria.

Adeyemo, Oladipupo and Omisore (2013) examine the effect of teachers` motivation on students` performance in mathematics in Makurdi local government area, Benue state. The study revealed that the condition of service of teachers i.e. teachers` fringe benefit payment, and teachers` promotion of in-service training have a direct influence on the student`s academic performance in mathematics. This was also conform to Hayden (2011) who concluded in his research that low teacher morale and poor motivation has become a major problem at the South Florida School District, particularly at ABC Middle School. His qualitative study was designed to examine ABC Middle School mathematics teachers’ motivation and its impact on student achievement on the mathematics standardized achievement test.

Oredein and Awodun (2013) study the impact of teachers’ motivational indices on science students’ academic performance in Nigerian senior secondary schools in Ondo and Ekiti States of Nigeria respectively. The study revealed, among others, that there is significant relationship between regular payment of science teachers’ allowance and academic performance of science students in the study area. In addition, Tesfaye (2014) investigated the level, relationship and major factors affecting teachers’ job satisfaction and school performance in government schools of Laga Tafo Laga Dadi Administrative Town, Ethiopia and discovered that teachers’ job satisfaction and school performance has strong positive relationship.

On the contrary, McKinney (2000) investigated the relationships among the awarding of career pay, teacher motivation, and student achievement. The study concluded that teachers who receive higher pay are not more motivated than teachers who do not receive higher pay and that student achievement is not increased by the higher pay. And finally, Babagana and Babagana (2015) study the effects of staff remuneration on the performance of Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri students, the study revealed a strong and positive relationship between staff remuneration and performance of Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri students. The authors concluded that proper remuneration of teachers is associated with higher performance and poor remuneration of teachers is the reason for poor performance of the students.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

This study was meant to enable the management know why it is important to motivate the teachers to improve their performance. When salaries and incentives of teachers are improved as the first gesture to improve their leaving standards, teachers will work towards improving the performance hence will be appraised positively. This will result in improvement of their living standards and working conditions of teachers in the country since these teachers will not stagnate in the same job group over the years. By conducting this research in Offa LGA, it will enable policy makers to lay strategies to make teachers advance in their career and minimize labor turnover.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The study specifically tends to;

  1. Identify whether there is any relationship between irregularity in the payment of teachers and students academic performance
  2. Determine the extent to which adequate payment of teachers’ remunerations affects students’ academic performance

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Updated: 21st July 2017 — 11:52 am