THE ROLE OF REWARD AND PUNISHMENT ON STUDENT’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Reward and punishment are regarded as a complete important means through which a teacher can maintain his or her class discipline in the secondary schools. Many educationists and psychologists have expressed different views about the effective use of reward and punishment in the secondary schools.

As the study progresses, the research hopes to bring together the different views and feelings of others, so that the reader can be given sufficient ground on which to base his or her conclusion after reading this work. The issues of reward and punishment are mostly debated on the secondary school administered today most especially when they are related to learning process. It is equally an area of interest, which closely involves many teachers and parents who the need for education authority to define its limits, some scholars in their books suggested allowing nearly total freedom to children in learning process in the school. a prompt and an acceptable solution must be provided on this issue because the outcome will give a practical advice and guidance to those who are just entering the teaching career or to parents who show much interest over their children ‘s progress in life. This research work does not however, claim to solve the entire problems concerned with punishment and rewards in learning process in the schools, but rather it highlight some solutions which will be of great educational values to the parents as well as the public in general.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The work is on the study of the effects of reward and punishment on academic performance of students in some selected secondary schools in Ikere local government area of Ekiti state. Many educationists psychologists have written many books covering this topic, the writer attempts in the study. Therefore to examine the views of some of these renowned writers in addition to the research findings and personal experience so as to be able to know the following problems.

1.    To find out whether effective learning can take place in form of punishment.

2.    Whether there is other method of learning effectively with reward and punishment.

3.    If punishment has effect on the learning process of the students in secondary schools.

4.    If reward and punishment can be combined so that much can be achieved in terms of educational objectives.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects and roles of rewards and punishment in some selected secondary schools in Ikere local government area of Ekiti state

Here the researcher will focus her attention on whether or not reward and punishment should be applied in the teaching and learning process in secondary schools.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study is expected to be of much importance and beneficial to pupils and parents in Ikere local government area of Ekiti state. Through this study, they may come to appreciate the implication of reward and punishment in the secondary schools. It is hoped that this study will help the secondary schools’ administration in Ikere local government area of Ekiti state to benefit and improve on the academic performance of their various schools.

`        This study will also help to discover the effects of rewards and punishment on learning in some selected secondary schools in Ikere local government area of Ekiti state.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions are formulated to guide this study.

1.    Does punishment has any effect on the learning process of the children in secondary schools?

2.    Does effective learning always take place in the absence of any form of punishment?

3.    Do parents and teachers support the use of punishment?

4.    Does reward and punishment promote orb encourage learning?

5.    Does punishment has negative effect on learning?

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Updated: 14th July 2017 — 4:30 pm

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