CIGARETTE SMOKING AND ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AKURE SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ONDO STATE

CHAPTER ONE

1.0  INTRODUCTION

Some year back before the advent of Europeans, cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption have been in existence. Cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption started when explorers not only made discoveries but also started off the distribution of weed and animals that were originally limited to certain conations. Since the discoveries of America by Christopher Columbus, many crops which originated in the topical parts of the American continents have found their way to Africa including Nigeria. Examples of such crops are. Maize, groundnuts, cassava, sweet potato tomatoes pawpaw rubber and tobacco to mention but a few (Abimbola & Akinduro 1977).

Cigarette could be defined as a shredded tobacco raved in their paper obtained from tobacco plant genus Nicotions (Adeyey1992). It should be noted that cigarette smoke is composed of many gasses which are very dangerous and harmful to human health. The mast known ones are “tar and nicotine” the harmful effect of cigarette smoke comes from the two gasses mentioned above.

Many years back the federal government, on the advice of federal ministry of health through the Hon. Minister Professor Olukaye ran son kuti banned smoking of cigarette in public places which has become a cancar worm to the adolescents. This was than announced by the federal ministry of health “professor olukoye ransomed kuti” at a media briefing on the day of “ NO SMOKING DAY” to mark world  health organization (WHO) day. The hon. Minister then said the\at steps were being taken to pass lows banning smoking in public place and the advertisement of tobacco products on radio, televisions, newspapers and magazines. Although. Today, despite the cost of a stick of cigarette some young adolescents still do smoke either during school break and social gatherings e.t.c.

In the recent past years the federal government policy on structural Adjustment programmed (SAP) has helped in no small measure to reduce smoking because prices of cigarette and other things are growing up daily there by making it difficult for the young adolescent and the commoners to buy.

Alcohol could be defined as a chemical compound of varying parts of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. It is also a n end-product of fermentation grains. Molasses and fruits. It is a drug of tolerance Alcohol is addictive and it’s users feel dizzy, staggers, vomits and talk irrationally (bowie 1977 adegboyega, 1996). Alcohol is not new t the Nigeria society. Even before colonialism, many Nigeria communities produced alcohol from either palm trees (palm wine) or fermented cereals such as (burukutu). They were consumed mainly on special or ceremonial occasions. Today, the production and consumption of both

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Updated: 26th June 2017 — 5:33 pm

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