VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL EDUCATION: A TOOL FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION AMONG YOUTHS IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Different groups, organization or individuals see poverty in different lights. Socialists perceive it differently from capitalists. To religious leaders, poverty is different from what it is to politicians, in other words, poverty is relative and differ from one society to another based on value system and economic factor of each particular society. Poverty becomes a defined and district problem where some people live in dehumanizing condition. Sercitude and economic in security in the same community, society or world with people who are enjoying opulent affluence. Bauman (1999) points out that the poor of different times and places differ between themselves virtually every aspect of their condition, first like the societies of which they are parts whichever way poverty is being perceived.

There is no contention against the fact that poverty in Nigeria is pervasive. It was placed on record that about 60% Nigerian live below the poverty line. This is contained in the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) white paper on guidelines for the implementation of the poverty alleviation programmes.

Tools for poverty alleviation in Nigeria are pervasive about 60% of Nigerians live below the poverty line. Data on poverty are staggering and reveals that only 50% of the population have access to primary health care. The overall situation now is that most Nigerians go hungry because they cannot afford to buy food.

This implies that the population of the poor keeps on increasing. Nigerians are found suffering from in adequacies of all the modern factors of production; competitiveness, efficiency, social discipline meritocracy and the highest degree of integrity in public and private affair. Education has profound effect on all of these five determinants. But because of these deprivations, Nigerians have continued to wallow in poverty. In Nigeria as in any other society, there are people who are physically, mentally, emotionally, psychologically, socially, economically or morally poor. The poor may be regarded as those unable to participate in whatever way. And though they differ between themselves, they may still be viewed as much as an object of humanitarian. (Thomas 2000). Some people are poor even though they may have more than basic knowledge and skill but they cannot find gainful employment. Many young graduates and retrenched experienced persons fall into this category.

Statement of the Problem

The World Bank statistics shows that while there has been some improvement in many Latin American and Malaysian countries within the past decade, the situation in African nations has decade, the situation in African nations has remained grim, with the life expectancy declining from 50 to 47 years since 1990, with the HIV/AIDS accounting for 91 per 1000 live births. Above all the infrastructure continues to dilapidate.

According to Bagshaw (2003), in Nigeria where the largest number of people (123 million) in the African continent resides, current statistics show that compared with 1980 when 28% of Nigerians were estimated to live below poverty home, more than 70% of them, mostly children currently do so.

Therefore, there is need to find out whether Vocational Technical education is a tool for alleviating poverty in Nigeria.

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Updated: 24th June 2017 — 7:50 pm

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