EXTENT OF USE OF AUDIO VISUAL MATERIALS IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

The usefulness of audio -visual materials in learning cannot be overemphasized. Audio visual stimulate learners. Their effectiveness is derived from the fact that, learners draw from the different things at the same time, and can interpret the message being communicated by the teacher at different levels.

Audio visual aids are instructional materials and devices through which teaching and learning are done in colleges more effectively. Audio visual material are teaching and learning tools whose purpose is to make learning easier for the learners. Audio visual materials are used in the teaching and learning processes to make leaning more enjoyable. Classroom learning depends on effective teaching. Skillful teachers use different techniques to make teaching effective in addition to teaching methods; the subject teacher can introduce audio visual materials.

This is because it is by integrating these with other teaching methods that maximum learning can be achieved.

Audio visual materials are indispensable in the teaching and learning processes. They increase the effectiveness of learning by helping the pupils to assimilate ideas in a more meaningful and interesting manner. Through the appeal to the eye and the car. The)’ provide steady improvement in knowledge and skills. The use audio visual aids would upgrade this teaching of Social Studies and give students with learning experience in active participation in all of learning activities.

Audio visual materials are very important in d secondary school as a student teacher on teaching practice; I often faced several lessons pondering on how to introduce them and what audio visual materials I could make use of that could contribute to effective learning.

From what Iobserved in several secondary schools, the Social Studiesis not a practical subject like the physical or the biological sciences. Therefore extra efforts should be made to design and utilize appropriate audio-visual materials in order to produce effective learning in the Social Studies class. During my teaching practice, I found out that, audio-visual materials could be helpful in solving several problems that teachers of Social Studies face in the classroom. However, I observed during the teaching practices exercise that many teachers of Social Studies did not make use of audio-visual materials for teaching.

In this research, the use of audio-visual aids will upgrade the teaching of Social Studies and give students with learning experiences in active participation in all phases of learning activities. This research paper designed to how tools and techniques enhance teaching the Social Studies more effectively.

In this research, I am particularly interested in the Ending out the attitude of the Social Studies teachers to the extent of audio-visual materials in selected  juniorsecondary schools in Ikere local government.

Below are some definitions that should be known to the readers of this

Work Attitude: In layman definition, attitude will be referred to the distinct concept of mood or be especially synonymous with teenage rebellion. An attitude can be defined as a positive or negative evaluation of people, objects events, activities, ideas or just about anything in your environment but there is debate about please definition. According to Gordon (2007), he describe attitude as the most distinctive and indispensable concept in contemporary social psychology.

Teaching: Mahuta (2009) defined teaching as the interaction between students and the teachers on a particular subject matter. Teaching is thus defined by Akinpelu (2006) as a triadic transaction between the teacher, the learner and the subject matter, the intention of which is to transform the situation and bring about a change in the perspective or awareness of the learner. Teaching will be the process of imparting knowledge or encoding information acquire to other so that the decodes may be able to modify his behavior.

Learning: According to Travers (2007) he defined learning as relatively permanent change in behavior as a result of exposure to condition in the environment.

Audio-visual: Audio materials according to oxford dictionary, audio materials refers to general terms for hardware (equipment) soft (consumable) and media used in learning, teaching and research which communicate through the ear.

Visual materials: Kate (2005) visual aids will be any object or picture that relate to the subject. Visual materials general terms for hardware and media use in leaning, teaching and research which provide visual experiences such materials include films projectors, picture chart andtransparency.

Audio visual materials: audio visual aids or materials are compact in nature because as the name implies is of compound word which when separated portray different connotation. Therefore, for the purpose of this study, the term audio visual will be to work with both a sound and a visual component. According to Erikson (2002) Audio visual is an instructional material that can be used to convey meaning without complete dependence upon verbal symbols or subject. It involve the simultaneous use of the sense organs

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Updated: 24th June 2017 — 8:11 pm

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