Contents                                                                                                                     Pages

COVER PAGE                                                                                                          i

TITLE PAGE                                                                                                             ii

APPROVAL PAGE                                                                                                   iii

CERTIFICATION                                                                                                     iv

DEDICATION                                                                                                           v

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                                                                         vi-vii

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                           viii-xi

LIST OF APPENDIXES                                                                                           x-xvi

ABSTRACT                                                                                                               xvii


Background of the Study                                                                                           1-3

Statement of Problem                                                                                                 3

Purpose of the Study                                                                                                  3-4

Significance of the Study                                                                                           4

Scope of the Study                                                                                                     4-5

Research Questions                                                                                                    5

Hypotheses                                                                                                                 5-6

Assumption of the Study                                                                                            6

CHAPTER 2-     REVIEW OF LITERATURE                                                   7

  • Conceptual Framework 8-10
  • Theoretical Framework 10-11
  • Review of Related Empirical Studies 11

History of Malaria                                                                                                     11-14

Types of Malaria                                                                                                        14-15

Cause of Malaria                                                                                                       15-16

Reservoir of Infection                                                                                               16

Sign and symptoms                                                                                                   16-17

Mode of transmission                                                                                                17

Incubation period                                                                                                      17

Period of communicability                                                                                        17

Susceptibility and resistance                                                                                     17

Diagnosis and treatment                                                                                            17-18

Problem of malaria                                                                                                    18-19

Malaria vaccine                                                                                                          19-20

Prevention of malaria                                                                                                20

Summary of Literature Reviewed                                                                             21-22


Research Design                                                                                                        23

Area of the Study                                                                                                      23-24

Population of the Study                                                                                            24

Sample and Sampling technique(s)                                                                           24-25

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                                 25

Validation of the Instrument                                                                                     25

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                                     25

Administration of the Instrument                                                                             25-26

Data Analysis Tehnique(s)                                                                                        26


OF RESULLTS                                                                                                      

Hypothesis 1                                                                                                              46

Table 36                                                                                                                     47

Interpretation                                                                                                             47-48

Hypothesis 2                                                                                                              48

Table 37                                                                                                                     48-49

Interpretation                                                                                                             49

Hypothesis 3                                                                                                              49

Table 38                                                                                                                     50

Interpretation                                                                                                             51

Hypothesis 4                                                                                                              51

Table 39                                                                                                                     51-52

Interpretation                                                                                                             52-53

Hypothesis 5                                                                                                              53

Table 40                                                                                                                     53

Interpretation                                                                                                             54

Hypothesis 6                                                                                                              54

Table 41                                                                                                                     54-55

Interpretation                                                                                                            56



Discussion of Results                                                                                                            57-59

Summary of the Study                                                                                                          59-60

Conclusions                                                                                                                           60-61

Implications of the Findings                                                                                                 61

Recommendations                                                                                                                 61-62

Limitation of the studies                                                                                                       62

Suggestion for Further Studies                                                                                             63

REFERENCES                                                                                                                   64-65

APPENDICES                                                                                                                    66-73



The research investigated the impediment to malaria eradication in Ikere local government area of Ekiti state. people don’t have the adequate knowledge about the using of mosquito net which now  made most people infected with  malaria it is also noted that people are ignorance about the health services provided by government there by increasing the risk of malaria

               Two hundred and fifty (250)  respondents were randomly selected as sample structured questionnaire containing 36 items was used for collecting data from the respondents. Purposive sampling techniques was used to select five (5) streets; fifty(50) respondents were selected from each street  using simple random   Moment Correlation. A coefficient 1.00 was obtained at 0.05level of significant. Survey design of descriptive research was used for the study and a self-structure questionnaire was used to elicit information on the research topic. The independent variable of adult people and dependent variable of impediment to malaria eradication.

             The study showed that inadequate knowledge about the use of mosquito net lead to malaria. The finding of this study asses that people have poor habit sanitation in their environment  this habit causing malaria fever for most people. The study showed that people don’t have knowledge about how to use health services provided by the government. The study showed that high cost of malaria drug affected the most people to have malaria because the money is not affordable.

The study concluded that people do not practice how to prevent malaria fever as a result of lack of programmes or awareness about malaria prevention. It is also concluded that household and communities should be specifically designed with the specific needs of the communities in mind so that it will prevent them from contacting malaria fever.




Background of the study

Malaria still remains one of the unconquered diseases in the world today. It is common in the tropic especially in the south Siara. It cause about 300-500 million infections in human and it is responsible for approximately 1.3million deaths annually. Malaria, according to World Health Organization (W.H.O) has been described as a tropical disease. In last decades, African countries have reported between 2 to 7million cases a year. But, extrapolation from fever and parasite surveys, it is estimated that 100 million clinical cases of malaria occurs every year and 210 million people may carry the parasite.

According to Alonge (2008). Malaria is still the single greatest causes of human death in many parts of the world especially in Nigeria; he states further that malaria is one of the wild spread diseases in the world. It has killed a lot of people in Nigeria. The disease malaria is caused by the parasite plasmodium; there are four species of plasmodium with plasmodium falciparum being the most dangerous to human and unfortunately accountable for 98 percent of all malaria infections in Nigeria. It transmitted to human by female mosquito that rely on human blood as their food source. Despite the devastating effect plasmodium can have on human, the Anopheles mosquitoes themselves are unharmed by the parasite and thus act as an efficient vectors for the disease.

Upon entry to human body as the mosquitoes bite to receive blood, the parasite make its way to live where it develops and multiples for typically 9-14 days. From the liver, the parasite then attacks the red blood cells, when are then malaria symptoms, typically starts to develop. Symptoms of malaria are wide ranging and can appear as a fever, chils, headaches and even flu-like symptoms. If the malaria is not handle properly with medical assistance, the parasite can develop to more life-threatening conditions such as anemia or cerebral malaria. In Nigeria, they have been significant advances in the field of medicine to combat malaria. Strain of plasmodium have recently been known to develop resistance to certain anti malaria prophylaxes which adds to the difficulty in effectively handling the disease.

To combat the spread of malaria, many countries and organization have places a strong emphasis on preventive measures to disrupt the mosquito’s life s circle and also prevent contact between human and the vector. W.H.O (2009) stated that a popular and effective way to reduce contact has been the use of insecticide treated Bed Nets (ITNS) while sleeping recognizing the importance of proper ITNS use as a measure to reduce malaria prevalence, the World Health Organization (W.H.O). Roll back malaria initiative adopted distribution and to ITNS as a main pillar in their project. The finding made me to understand that most Nigerians are infected with malaria, with this pressing issue in mind, this study will analyze the efforts put forth by the researchers to encourage malaria and how these efforts are received by the people of Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State to ultimately affect behavior change amongst residents to better combat the threat of malaria in Ikere Local Government Area.

As in the most case with most diseases, prevention of malaria transmission is a far more effective strategy than relying on medication of cure, ITNs have been a major focus in the fight against malaria in African by the W.H.O, this study will also analyze the ITNs usage trends of Ikere Local government Area of Ekiti State to better understand impediments to their usage as a measure of malaria prevention, while the ability to prevent malaria is available in form of ITNs, spraying homesteads and removing breeding areas. Use of bed-nets, providing doors and windows with fly screen, wearing of protective clothing, use of repellents ointment that are rubbed on the body to prevent mosquito bite. Environmental control destruction of breeding places of mosquitoes, this includes emptying of water retaining articles e.g. cans, old tyre, broken bottles and other receptacles, filling of low land and stagnant water, clearing of bushes around. Chemical control the use of chemical like larvicides, insecticides to reduce or destroy mosquito population. These chemicals include malathion. DDT e.t.c. Genetic control is the method of mosquito control by which any condition or treatment is used to reduce the reproductive potentials of moxious form by altering or replacing the hereditary materials. This achieved by the reduction or elimination of an insect population through the release of partially or completely sterile insects in large numbers to suppress the productive capability of the natural population.

Statement of the Problem

Practical experience with the mode of life of people of Ikere Local Government Area of  Ekiti State, and a review of some existing related literature on the malaria eradication showed that there have been a lot of malaria infected victims. From the look of things that Government had provided like ITNs insecticide treated bed nets, Health education and other things, the researcher felt that by now malaria have being reduced but is not, the researcher now observed that it could be as a result of lack of knowledge, lack of using health faculties, it could be high cost of malaria drug, poor sanitation and poor utilization of health services. The researcher assumed that the impediment or delay of malaria eradication in Ikere Local government Area of Ekiti State because malaria is the number six killer diseases in our society today, as a result of these. All these problems prompt the researchers to  investigate  impediment to malaria eradication in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria.

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Updated: 22nd June 2017 — 10:59 am

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