CAUSES OF MASS FAILURE IN ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IDO/OSI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Economics   is   one   of   the   subjects   in   the   schools curriculum and it is offered in the West African School Certificate Examination (WASCE). It is one of the Social Science subjects. Economics is a Social Science subject because its an approach to problems in other sciences.

Economics like other Social Science subjects has no specific definition. As there are many economists, so there are many definitions of the subject Economics.

These inevitable variations in the definition of Economics arise because of the fact that the subject studies human beings and their behaviour can never be the same. As earlier said, that Economics has many definitions. For example, Smith (1776) sees Economics as an inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of  nation”. Mill (1843) “Defined Economics as the Practical Science of the production and distribution of wealth”. Marshall (1890),“Sees Economics as a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life”.

However, of all the definitions of Economics, the one that is more widely acceptable by the generality of economists is the one put forward by Professor Robbins(1932). According to Robbins, Economics is defined as a Social Science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.

As earlier said, Economics is a Social Science that predicts as the other science. The only difference is that it predicts human behaviour. It quantitative techniques through data collections, observation and interpretation. Economics have theories and laws like other sciences e.g. law   of   supply.   It   adopts   the   scientific   method   of investigation, observation and analysis as other sciences. Other Social     Sciences     subjects     include     Geography,     civics, anthropology, psychology, social studies. It is however not a compulsory paper for all candidates but all candidates used to offer the subject, both science, commercial and social science classes.

Economics at the school certificate examination consists of the papers, namely, paper I and II. Paper I consists of the objective test which consist of 50 questions and paper II consists of section A and section B. Section A consists of two questions and student must answer one question and section B consists of ten questions which students must answer any four questions only.

Economics is such a very popular subject to students. Looking at enrolment for Economics in the schools certificate examinations, one would see that there has been a great increase in the study of Economics as a discipline. Students offer Economics as a subject because it guides us in rational thinking. It makes us to understand Economic problems, which face man. It makes us to identify and make choice since resources are limited. It makes us to arrange our needs in order of preference. The past performance   of   students   in   Ido/Osi   local   Government Area in Economics in the West African School Certificate Examination (WASCE) is too deteriorating and not impressive. The record shows that while a few school show good performance in the subject others have not performed so-well. While a few schools recorded as high as an average of 80% over a period of many years.

The majorities fall below 40% over many years. The majority of the schools performance in Economics is very poor. The question is what are the causes of mass failure in Economics in Senior Secondary Schools?  It is likely that among the reasons, the following are noticeable, Lack of textbooks for students, Lack of instructional materials, Inadequate qualified teachers to teach the students, the libraries are not well equipped, students attitude towards the subject.

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Updated: 22nd June 2017 — 10:55 am

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