ANALYSIS OF WATER SOURCES FOR CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION: IKERE EKITI AS STUDY AREA.

ABSTRACT

This study employs the Mohr’s  method of argentometric titration for analysis of chlorides in water to determine the concentration of chloride present in different samples of water using Ikere Ekiti as case study area. Three sources of water (tap water, well water and odo osun river water) were analyzed respectively for their chloride concentration. Results of analysis revealed a concentration range of 3.9 – 10.3 mg/L with a mean chloride concentration of 7.06 mg/L for tap water (sample T). Mean chloride concentration for well water (sample W) gave 19.2 mg/L within a concentration range of 15.5 – 20.7 mg/L, while mean chloride concentration for odo osun river water sample was 41.4 mg/L within a concentration range of 29.0 – 60.0 mg/L. It was generally observed that mean chloride concentration for the three sources of water all fall within the WHO safe chloride limit of 250mg/L for tap water, 135 mg/L for well water and 155 mg/L for river water, hence could be judged safe for human consumption and for living of fresh water aquatic lives. Also, mean chloride concentration increased in the order: river water > Well water > tap water due to the influence of anthropogenic  sources as well as other pollution sources which are more prominent in river water than in well, water than in  tap water.

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Updated: 22nd June 2017 — 8:30 am