BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Science had been of great importance worldwide for suitable an socio – economic development as well as for technological advancement of the nations.
Knowledge of science education is therefore required in all countries globally due to the numerous challenges that are facing them. Science in the secondary schools is taught through two main categories as basic of the basic secondary and the separate science subjects, as chemistry, physics and biology of the senior secondary. (Gesinde 2000).
It is however worrisome to note that there is low achievement in secondary school science (Onwuakpa and Nweke, 2000).
We have in a world of science and technology throughout our lives, human beings encounter issues and problems that have their root in science.
Science and technology have become critical factors of economic and social development.
Through science resources of nature have been well utilized and transformed into meaningful resources for a better living in the world. The tremendous emerging trends in science education have assured man of a comfortable living within the society.
Biology as the science of life is offered in all senior secondary schools in the Nigeria which attracts the greatest percentage of both science oriented and arts banded student (Nwosu, 2006).
Urevbu (1990) pointed out that the teaching of biology is important because it equips the student to comprehend the world around them and equip them with the necessary skills to build progressive society.
Similarly, Nwosu (2005) observed that biology provides a platform for teaching students to develop the ability to apply science concept and principle in solving everyday life problems.
With knowledge explosion all over the world via the internet, biological knowledge has also expanded. There are advances record in filed such as biochemistry, physiology, ecology, genetics and molecular biology that have made the subject a central focus in most human activities including problems like food scarcity, pollution, population, radiation, disease, health hygiene, family life, management and consideration of natural life, management and conservation of natural resources as well as biotechnology and ethics.
Akinsolu (2010) assert that availability of qualified teaches determined the performance of student in schools. Wirth & Perkins (2013) indicate that teachers attitude contributed significantly to student attention in classrooms where as Adesoji & Olatunbosun (2008 illustrates that students attitude was related to teachers characteristics.
This therefore meant that teachers attitude directly affected student attitude on teachers personality, Adu and Olatunde (2007) contended that teachers qualifications or characteristic are strong determinants of students performance in secondary schools.
Qualifications of teachers play an important role in teaching but professional education or training is more important in teaching, because a trained teacher can teach better than a un – trained teacher.
Generally, it is claimed that a trained teacher knows well how to teach effectively. It is very common fact, if a trained teacher teaches the students; the performance of the student is good because in the process of education the teacher is considered the most crucial element. Adaramola and Obomanu (2011)
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