Background to the Study
Every individual grow towards becoming a functional member of the society. In the process of growth he gains empowerment through school learning. Stakeholders in education industry such as government, missionaries, proprietors of school had invested huge sums of money and materials to ensure high performance of students under their care (Bola, 2003).
There has always been diversity in performance of children in both primary and secondary institutions. While some students perform very well, others do the opposite and in some cases, students are withdrawn from school for low performance. This observation is made from the results of students over the years and students are observed to be deteriorating in achievement (Esuabana, 1997). Various reasons have been attributed to this failure. Among them include the different levels of intelligence, some socio-economic factors. The school environment, students attitudes, sex of students achievement motivation and students delinquent behaviour.
A paramount factor in the teaching learning system is the teacher. A sound educational system can flourish if two conditions are successfully met. First is the constant updating and refinement in knowledge and skill of serving teachers and second one is equipping student teachers (teacher trainees) with befitting competencies and positive attitude towards profession. Competencies are specific and demonstrable characteristics or attributes inevitable for teaching professionals to create a convincing and learner friendly environment. Competencies being concerned with three domains of learner’s behaviour are imperative for teacher to bear prime responsibilities. Besides disseminating knowledge, teacher helps students:
a)To develop rationale and scientific temperament.
- b) To foresee advancements in all spheres of life and its impact on the society.
- c) To help students in conserving and transmitting values nurtured by the society.
Religious education forms part of the basic national curriculum for secondary schools this may be a surprising fact but it has come up to be the truth and nothing but the truth. Some individuals have linked religious with social habituation and they have also gone a long way to argue that it has no consign in either a working environment or a schools. At the same time, others believe religion in education have to be about fostering students within a meticulous religious faith system.
Over the years religious education has actively been known to be a strong promoter of the values of genuineness, fairness, honesty, deference for all and care of the environment. Religious education consign specific emphasis on children appreciating themselves and others, it teaches us the real responsibility of family and the community in religious principle and action, the contentment of diversity in society through acknowledgment of their similarities and differences, and individual custodianship on earth. Religious education is also acquainted with shifting environment of the general public, including transformations in religious practice and appearance and the authority of religion in the neighborhood, homes, state and in the universal society. (QCDA, 2003)
The study of religious education with children helps to develop the children knowledge and understanding of Christianity and in some cases, not just Christianity but also other religious cultures and other belief systems. Previous studies have also shown that religious education has encouraged children to learn from various religious beliefs, values and culture while at the same time, exploring their own beliefs regarding their religion. This comprehensive study in primary schools has also help children to mature personally and socially as well as refining their psychological judgments and decisions on religious, moral and social issues, preparing them for life in a secular society.
Regarding inclusion, religious education has made a significant involvement principally in its center of attention on promoting value for everyone equally. Religious education has taken a front responsibility in fighting against injustice, unfairness and pessimistic bias. By teaching or providing religious education to children who just begin primary school means you have just opened the doors to moral development for them.
Religious education is a good preliminary point for them and it’s a fundamental way to meet their explicit requirements as this will help to caution them all the way through until they graduate to the next level. (Barnes, 2001)
Delinquent behaviour, simply means a behaviour that youngsters do that goes against the standard of the society, regardless whether the action is legal or illegal. The concept and acts of indiscipline have received a lot of attention by researchers. Peck opined that the various behavioural disorders like stealing, violence, drug abuse, examination malpractice, sexual abuse and truancy have so undermined effective teaching-learning processes that some teachers have become helpless and disorganized in their task of impacting knowledge to the learners (Peck, 2002).
World youth report (2007) said that children delinquent behaviour has been constantly heard in the news and hardly a week passes without a report in any of the National dailies of serious anti social acts which have been committed by school children. Consequently, there is often an official pronouncement, which expresses anxiety about growing incidence of juvenile crimes.
A close observation of what is happening in our institutions of learning today will definitely show that delinquency, especially juvenile is a very serious obstacle to the academic progress. World youth report, (2007) said that young people who are at the risk of becoming delinquent often live in different circumstances. For instance children who for various reasons including parental alcoholism, poverty, breakdown of the family, over-crowding, abusive conditions in the home, the death of parents, orphans without the means of subsistence housing and other basic necessities are at great risk of falling into juvenile delinquency. The number of children in specially difficult circumstances is estimated to have increased from 80 millions to 160 millions between 2001-2006 (Ademiu, 2007).
Igbimoria (2000) viewed that juvenile offence in Nigeria do not operate in well organized gangs, but there have instances of assault and vandalism committed by small groups of juveniles. Today, other offences committed by small groups of juveniles include looting and other acts of vandalism especially when encouraged during political campaigns and sex offences.
In the light of the school system asks for proper investigation of the good human behaviour in order to facilitate teaching and learning for the good of individual, school and the society. Generally, it is the desire of all and sundry including the ones who perform below average to excel or to be accorded accolades. Though they may not outwardly imply that, but it has been observed that deep down their hearts, they desire excellent academic performance (Obi, 2004).
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