1.1 Background to the Study
Education of women has been recognized as a crucial panacea for development of any nation. In virtually all public interactions, which have been convened to fashion out ways and means of optimizing the country’s educational development, the need to provide women with equal opportunities of acquiring education including tertiary education has been emphasized. The continued emphasis of the need for quality, sound education of women is rooted in the saying that if you educate one woman, you have educated a nation. Government’s effort at ensuring sound, quality education of women is reflected partly by its provision of postprimary female institutions of learning and its award of special scholarships to female students of various institutions of learning in the country. This intervention has spurred the women to pursue education to its zenith stage, the tertiary level. In the tertiary institutions established across the country, women have been enrolled in different courses of study. While some of these women are single, others are married. Married women have been acquiring tertiary education in the country with a plethora of challenges, which significantly affect their academic performance. It has been observed that most of the challenges affecting the performance of married female students of tertiary institutions have their roots in their marriage. Marriage has been considered as a must-do thing by people in most societies of the world. This explains why in virtually all societies of the globe, unions called marriage exist between people of opposite sex. Marriage, which is embedded in the general culture of the society, involves a rigid, hierarchical structure that centres on the marital roles of the partners.
Generally, while the male marriage partner acts as father, husband, breadwinner, provider, protector, guard, and head, the female marriage partner serves as wife, mother, housekeeper, and child caretaker. However, in modern times, the marital roles of the marriage partners have undergone changes. It is possible now to for instance find the male marriage partner acting as house keeper and the female marriage partner acting as breadwinner. Marriage could be understood in different ways depending on the intents of the marriage partners. While some marriages could be for the purpose of love, companionship, and childbearing, others could be for purposes of satisfaction of emotional and material needs. A female marriage partner, who is responsible for cooking in the house for her husband, is likely to have some conflict with her husband especially when she is not at home to discharge that responsibility of cooking. Her husband may show no understanding with her over her not being available to cook for him or the family. He might consequently find outside the matrimonial home somebody else, who will discharge that role for him until his wife resumes the role of cooking after completing her studies. Knowledge of this extramarital relationship will give his wife worry, which might force her to lose concentration on her studies and perform poorly at school.
James W. (1999) says, “Where also the female marriage partner’s role in marriage is providing love to her husband, there will likely be a rift between her and her husband especially when she is no longer there to satisfy the love needs of the husband. Her husband might require her to abandon studies and attend to his sexual demands. Unwillingness to meet sexual demands might push her husband to go into extramarital affairs with other women. Readiness to satisfy her husband’s sexual needs might result in pregnancy, which will make her lose concentration on her studies and consequently preclude her from performing to the desired academic standards”. Where again the female marriage partner’s role is child bearing, there will be the tendency of her husband providing her with pregnancies while she is studying at school. A man who has married mainly for the purpose of reproduction may not have the courage of waiting for his wife to complete her studies before impregnating her. Such a man may not be ready for family planning. Pregnancy comes with complications including weakness of body, loss of appetite, and change of body temperature, which require much time expenditure at the hospital or clinic. Such expenditure of time will obviously generate loss of concentration on studies on the part of the female married student. Also, pregnancy comes with the responsibility of baby care, which reserves little or no time for the married female student to attend to her studies at school. When the married female student is unwilling to reproduce while studying at school, she enters in the bad book of her husband. Sanctions such as inadequate provision of pocket money for feeding are imposed by the husband, and this renders her studying efforts futile.
Statement of the problem
Marriage which is supposed to be a blessing to the women who are acquiring tertiary education, has turned out to be an impediment to their academic pursuits. Marriage has given the female students the problem of stress arising from their combination of childbearing and domestic chores with studying activities such as lectures attendance, examination preparation, research field work, excursions, laboratory practical exercises, and sporting activities. This combination reserves them little or no time to concentrate on their studies and consequently makes it very difficult for them to earn good grades in continuous assessment tests or examinations. Marriage has also given them the problem of finance arising from their dependence on their husbands for money needed to finance domestic and educational activities. This inadequacy of money has made it difficult for them to provide themselves with the necessary learning materials that they need to study and acquire the knowledge needed for optimal performance in continuous assessment tests or examinations in school.
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NAME: TITUS AYANI SOLA
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