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TEACHERS AND PARENTS PERCEPTION OF THE USE OF MOTHER TONGUE AS A LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION IN LOWER PRIMARY SCHOOL

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Language is a creation which every human being is endowed with or blessed; a unique gift of language is used naturally as one tool of expression consisting of different sub skills. Mother tongue is one’s native language. A language besides being the major distinguishing phenomenon between man and other creatures is evidently the most enduring of every people’s cultural heritage. It reflects the culture of a people and it is in extricable bound up with it (Adeolu, 2014).Language is an important tool that enhances human communication and interaction. It is a vital instrument in cultural transmission and preservation of a social group. It is in a fundamental sense, a crucial tool in the preservation and propagation of the human species. An examination of the linguistic content of a particular speech community can provide information about the life style, occupation etc. of a given people. This has necessitated the teaching and learning of  and its consequent interference in our mother tongue in various study points nation wide. It is therefore, glaring to state that, Nigeria is complex society by the mere fact of the history of its creation. It is estimated that there are between 250 and 400 language spoken in Nigeria. (Nwaogwu, 2012).

The use of Mother Tongue (MT) as a medium of instruction is globally recommended for pupils in lower primary schools (UNESCO, 2003). Mother tongue is the language a child learns first from the mother or the principal caregiver (Dialyn, Andrea, Jochelle and Jomar, 2014). It is one‘s native language. It is a language acquired in early childhood and spoken with native speaker competence and it is the language a person is exposed to and acquired during years of childhood (UNESCO, 1953). A child‘s mother tongue should be used as a medium of instruction in learning in grades 1-3, because the fundamental Math and Science concepts are introduced at this level (Nalasco, 2010). Dialyn, et al. (2014) stated that mother tongue enables a child to express himself/herself easily, as there is no fear of making mistakes. Kimizim (2012) added that children taught in mother tongue have better learning comprehension than those taught in a foreign language. Global campaign for education (2013) also reveals that, learners taught in foreign language perform poorly than those taught in mother tongue. 2 Learners taught in mother tongue are more active and perform better than those taught in foreign language (Krashen, 1999). Dialyn, Andrea, Jochelle, and Pailileng (2014) further asserted that using mother tongue as a medium of instruction improves pupils‘ performance and strengthens learning. Omoniyi, Israel, Olabode and Thomas (2013) stated that  taught in a child‘s mother tongue has benefits such as overcoming limited knowledge of foreign mathematical vocabulary and brings children closer to . They further added that during early learning, children in rural areas learn faster in their local language, while Fafunwa (1977) report that children comprehend well when they receive instruction in their mother tongue than in foreign language.

Statement of the Problem

Interference is the influence of one language, dialect or other linguistic features upon another’s phonology, grammar and vocabulary. That is, the influence of one language upon another’s phonology, grammar and vocabulary. The language which a group of people considered to be inhabitants of an area acquire in their early years and which normally becomes their natural instrument of thought and communication may interfere with the second language, and these interferences may manifest itself in any aspect of the language such as phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics. When an Yoruba man for instance says; “I hear a smell” to mean “I perceive an odour” or when the Hausa man says “I am coming here yesterday” to mean “I came here yesterday; or also when the man says “did you hear me” to mean “did you understand me?”; they transliterate the syntax of their respective mothertongue into the learning

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BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
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Updated: 3rd July 2019 — 10:19 am

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