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IMPACT OF SCHOOL FACILITIES ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Student performance is referred to as academic achievement by Adediwura and Tayo (2007). Academic achievement or academic performance is the out come of education the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals. Achievement is commonly measured by examinations or continuous assessment but there is no general agreement on how it is best tested or which aspects are most important.

Students achievement in Biology cannot be traced to a single factor but by multiplicity of factors such as environment, student attitude, teaching techniques, school facilities, teacher qualification and many more. According to Harb and El-shaarawin (2006) there are two types of factors affecting student academic achievement. These are internal and external classroom factors. Internal classroom factors includes, student’s competence, class schedules, class size, textbooks, class test results, learning or school facilities, school or class environment, complexity of course materials, teachers role in the class, technology used in the class and exam systems. External ones include extra curricular activities, family

problems, and financial problems, social and other problems.

Noble (2006) emphasized student achievement and activities, perceptions of their coping strategies and positive attributions and background characteristics (i.e family income, parent level of education, guidance from parents and number of situation in the home) were indirectly related to their composite scores through academic achievement in high school.

Young (1999) held the view that student’s performances are tend with the use of library and the level of their parental education. To Hussan (2006), the guidance from the parent and teachers indirectly affects the performance of the student. Socio-economic factors like family income, parent’s education, teacher-student ration, presence of trained teacher in
school are also factors influencing the performance of the student

School facilities have been observed as a potent factor to quality education. It is importance to the teaching and learning process cannot be over-emphasized. Effective learning can occur through one’s interaction with the environment. Environment here refers to the facilities that are available to facilitate students learning outcome or achievement. These facilities include school building, library, laboratory, textbooks, software and hardware of educational technology etc. These facilities goes a long to affect ot enhance students performance or achievement. This can be realized when there are qualified teachers to handle the subject and the facilities are available.

According to Oni (2002) facilities constitutes a strategic factor in any organizational functioning. This is so because they determine to very large extent the smooth functioning education. He further stated that their availability, adequacy and relevance influence efficiency and high productivity. In his words, Farombi (1998) Opined that the wealth of a nation or society could determine the quality of education in that land; emphasizing that a society that is wealthy will establish good schools with qualified teachers and with such, there as well as high academic achievement.

Adesola (2008) found out that the level of available resources is indeed a plus to the teachers and goes a long way to show the level of ingenuity and commitment towards effective delivery of lesson.

Akinfolarin (2002) identified facilities as a major contributing factor to academic achievement in the school system. Different studies conducted by Ayodele (2006) and Vandiver (2011) showed that a positive relationship exists between availability of facilities and students academic achievement. Writing on the role of facilities in teaching –learning process, Balogun (2002) submitted that no effective science education programme can exist without facilities for teaching. This is because facilities enable learners or students to develop scientific attitude and problem solving skills.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


BANK:                       GTB BANK
ACCT NO:                  0262412831
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

CLICK ON THE IMAGE BELOW TO REQUEST FOR MATERIAL
Updated: 9th January 2019 — 6:40 pm

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