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EFFECTS OF SPEAKING AND LISTENING SKILLS ON STUDENTS ORAL ENGLISH PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

EFFECTS OF SPEAKING AND LISTENING SKILLS ON STUDENTS ORAL ENGLISH PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

The neglect of speaking skills in the mainstream of English language does not exclude listening because language comprehension is the basis for communication.
Communication is seen as the exchange of thought-tokens, in other words, the student
has to learn not only the forms of the foreign language, the sound segments, the word
forms, and the sentence structures but also to interact with context of words to act the
possible meaning. Some teachers consider listening as the easiest skill to be taught. Most students think it is difficult. This contradiction points to the fact that there are some
aspects of teaching listening that need to be explored. Students’ burden in listening
comprehension activities does arise from difficulties in decoding the signals. In normal
experience in mother tongue, language grows in context, whereas for foreign language,
context must be created, because the more knowledge about the situation the more readily the language used

This made listening one of the most challenging skills for students to develop and
yet one of the most important. Developing the ability to listen well affords students the
opportunity to become more independent learners, hearing accurately, likely able to
reproduce accurately, refine their understanding of grammar and develop their
vocabulary skills.

Listening is to hearing what looking is to seeing. Both listening and looking
require a zoom, whether auditory or visual, which enables a person takes in relevant
information while turning out irrelevant information. Listening is too often regarded in schools as simply the passive state of a child that enables the teacher to instruct and be obeyed. This narrow perspective of listening presents the child as a passive receiver of information and fails to acknowledge listening as active and requires both attention span and interaction. Listening is the ability to identify, understand what others are saying and grasping meaning from it.

Listening and speaking are the commonest channels through which most people
encounter language and learn to use and interpret feelings or messages. In this respect,
oral involvement is essential as students expand, refine their communication skill and
handle the written language (Johnstone and Milne 1995).

Banjo & Connell (1984) have observed that “… the skills for oral communication
have been largely neglected” even though Chomsky (1965) has also stressed the
importance of listening comprehension by saying that competence in language
development is the ability to speak and understand a language, while performance is the actual application of this ability in language behaviour. Despite the prominence of
English language in the curriculum, the communicative competence in Chomsky’s term
especially in the secondary school has not improved.

Statement of Problem
In recent years, the focus of language teaching has been promoting oral skills in
order to respond to the students’ needs for effective communication in second language
or foreign language. From experience in teaching English Language the general
observation is that there is a complete neglect of listening comprehension in the teaching of English in the Senior Secondary School (SSS). This is supported by the fact that listening comprehension is not included by the different English language text books and teaching materials used at this level. The neglect results in an imbalance in the
teaching/learning process of the four skills

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

Updated: 23rd November 2018 — 6:33 pm

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